To Do List After installing Crunchbang “Waldorf” Stable Debian “Wheezy” Linux OS

Screenshot - 02102013 - 08:31:46 PMScreenshot - 02102013 - 08:30:39 PMScreenshot - 02102013 - 08:36:13 PMDebian Linux “Wheezy” Openbox Desktop Environment

CrunchBang is a Debian GNU/Linux based distribution offering a great blend of speed, style and substance. Using the nimble Openbox window manager, it is highly customizable and provides a modern, full-featured GNU/Linux system without sacrificing performance.

The primary aim of the CrunchBang project is to produce a stable distribution offering the best possible out-of-the-box Openbox experience. To achieve this goal, CrunchBang pulls many base packages directly from Debian’s repositories, which are well-known for providing stable and secure software. Packages from CrunchBang’s own repositories are then customized and pinned to the system to produce what is known as the CrunchBang distro.

“Is #! for you? Here’s my rule of thumb: Would you know how to manage your sources.list file to suit your own needs? If you do, you probably know enough.”

Download Crunchbang Eleven “Waldorf” Debian Wheezy OS:

Special Note: For faster downloading I recommend using BitTorrent to download Crunchbang.

How-to prepare an ISO to USB:


If you are currently running Linux:

Unetbootin works just fine for creating the Crunchbang USB flash drive if you prefer to use a GUI. You can install Unetbootin if you are already running Ubuntu or another Linux OS. In Ubuntu, simply use Startup Disc Creator to format your USB flash drive (thumb drive) first, and then run Unetbootin to migrate your downloaded Crunchbang image onto your USB flash drive device. Do not use Ubuntu’s Startup Disc Creator application to migrate your downloaded Crunchbang image onto your USB flash drive device, otherwise it will not boot.

sudo apt-get install unetbootin

If you are currently running Windows:

Format your USB device using a FAT32 partition. Download win32imagewriter from here. Extract the ZIP archive to the directory of your choice, preferably the directory the Statler ISO is stored. Run the Win32ImageWriter program, and click the folder icon in the Image File section. In the window to “Select a disk image,” navigate to the directory the ISO is in, and type “*.iso” without the quotes. The image should appear. Click the Save button. Select your USB device from the list under “Device”. Click the “Write” button to write the image to the USB drive.

Special notes: When you are you done creating your live USB flash drive with Unetbootin, make sure you either select Live or Install (not “Default”) during bootup of your live Crunchbang USB flash drive device. Crunchbang will not automatically resize your hard drive partitions during live installation. Crunchbang installer doesn’t automatically resize anything. It will just wipe the entire hard drive if you don’t create space for the installation.  The swap creation is a pain if you are trying to configure a dual boot system. If you want to create a dual-boot of Ubuntu and Crunchbang you will need to resize your partition(s) with a live stick of Ubuntu OS first (if you are running Ubuntu OS already), and after booting your computer with that Ubuntu live usb stick then use Gparted partition manager to resize your existing HDD partitions  before installing Crunchbang from your usb flash drive device. Make sure you have a live stick of whatever your current operating system is so you can rollback in case Crunchbang doesn’t work out for you eventually. I recommend just wiping the entire drive and just use Crunchbang, if feasible, to save yourself a headache.

Here is a really nice tutorial series for Crunchbang:

Special Note: The rest of my tutorial expects that you already know your way around the command line on Linux! If you have no experience with Linux I recommend you try Ubuntu or Linux Mint until you can get up-to-speed with Linux systems.

Here is a nice video demonstration of Crunchbang Eleven:

Crunchbang comes with it’s own nifty post-installation script to automatically update your entire system, also to add printer support, and plenty of other software you will probably need. Do use it.

Now you may want to add more repositories to your source.list to have access to more codecs and software for your system.

Edit the repositories, copy and paste in Terminal:

sudo geany /etc/apt/sources.list

Here is a good source.list to update your system if you are located in the USA:

## Compatible with Debian Wheezy, but use at your own risk.
deb waldorf main
#deb-src waldorf main

## Debian
deb wheezy main contrib non-free
#deb-src wheezy main contrib non-free

## Multimedia
deb wheezy main non-free

## Debian Security
deb wheezy/updates main
#deb-src wheezy/updates main

## Debian Stable
deb stable main contrib non-free

Once you copy and paste that into your source.list file, make sure to add the repo key for deb-multimedia in Terminal:

sudo apt-get install deb-multimedia-keyring
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Special Note: If you are outside the USA you can build your local list of repositories here:

Restart (reboot) your system if you are done with the first portion of this guide before proceeding further.

fxue4o.jpgsmxi is an interactive script designed to help people maintain their systems. It supports Debian and true Debian based distros (such as, but not limited to, AntiX, Aptosid, Epidemic, Linux Mint Debian [LMDE], Mepis). It does not support Ubuntu-based distros because there are too many differences between Debian and Ubuntu.

FYI: This is the best way to install your video drivers.

smxi is a feature rich, powerful script, and has the following primary features and options:

  • System Upgrades (dist-upgrade / upgrade)
  • Kernel upgrades / kernel module upgrades
  • Automated video card driver installation (plus any needed patches), especially non-free drivers like nVidia and AMD/ATI fglrx
  • Installing extra software (including building a desktop/server from scratch, starting with just the base Debian system)
  • Removing certain software
  • Cleaning up your system (cleaning up apt archives, removing kernels/ kernel modules, cleaning system cruft, etc)
  • Tweaking your system, mozilla configurations, installing some small graphics tweaks, etc.

Instructions: Run smxi below in terminal. When you arrive at the terminal command line (CLI) login with your username and password. Then you need find your script by changing to your smxi script directory using the cd /usr/local/bin command – and then you need to run sudo smxi and follow the prompts. sudo reboot will restart your system when you are completely done running the script and take you (hopefully?) back into your updated Crunchbang desktop system. You can use smxi as often as you want, but remember you will not have X Windows running or your desktop environment available while executing smxi from the command line.  For more info about smxi:

For more advice on using smxi with #! or if you have any questions:

Here is how to quickly install smxi in Terminal:

cd /usr/local/bin && sudo wget -Nc && sudo unzip && sudo smxi

Screenshot - 02062013 - 08:47:19 PMHopefully you installed your graphics driver with sxmi by now. I wanted to change my display to fit my wide flat screen monitor so I added these lines to my autostart configuration file (Settings >> Openbox >> Edit autostart):

## Display
xrandr -s 1280x720 &
xrandr --dpi 96 &

Screenshot - 02062013 - 08:48:42 PMConky that comes with #! is very basic and kinda boring. Here is my conky script (simply copy and paste over the old one), and to open the configuration file click on Settings >> Conky >> edit conkyrc. There are plenty of other examples you can test out over at the Crunchbang forums if you do a search for the keywords ‘conky’ and ‘Crunchbang’. (lastly make sure to always restart openbox to enable any changes)

# conky configuration
# The list of variables has been removed from this file in favour
# of keeping the documentation more maintainable.
# Check for an up-to-date-list.
# For ideas about how to modify conky, please see:
# For help with conky, please see:
# Enjoy! 
# Settings
background yes
use_xft yes
xftfont HandelGotD:size=8
xftalpha 0.5
update_interval 4.0
total_run_times 0
own_window yes
own_window_type normal
own_window_transparent yes
own_window_hints undecorated,below,sticky,skip_taskbar,skip_pager
double_buffer yes
minimum_size 200 5
maximum_width 220
draw_shades no
draw_outline no
draw_borders no
draw_graph_borders yes
default_color grey
default_shade_color red
default_outline_color green
alignment top_right
gap_x 5
gap_y 5
no_buffers yes
uppercase no
cpu_avg_samples 2
override_utf8_locale no

CPU $alignr ${cpu cpu0}%
${cpugraph cpu0}

MEM $alignc $mem / $memmax $alignr $memperc%

swap $alignc $swap / $swapmax $alignr $swapperc%

/ $alignc ${fs_used /} / ${fs_size /} $alignr ${fs_free_perc /}%
${fs_bar /}

global $alignc ${fs_used /home/karlos/global} / ${fs_size /home/karlos/global} $alignr ${fs_free_perc /home/karlos/global}%
${fs_bar /home/karlos/global}

$processes processes ($running_processes running)

${top name 1} $alignr ${top pid 1} ${top cpu 1}
${top name 2} $alignr ${top pid 2} ${top cpu 2}
${top name 3} $alignr ${top pid 3} ${top cpu 3}
${top name 4} $alignr ${top pid 4} ${top cpu 4}
${top name 5} $alignr ${top pid 5} ${top cpu 5}
${top name 6} $alignr ${top pid 6} ${top cpu 6}
${top name 7} $alignr ${top pid 7} ${top cpu 7}
${top name 8} $alignr ${top pid 8} ${top cpu 8}
${top name 9} $alignr ${top pid 8} ${top cpu 9}

Inbound $alignr ${downspeed eth0} kb/s
${downspeedgraph eth0}
Outbound $alignr ${upspeed eth0} kb/s
${upspeedgraph eth0}

Alt+F2$alignr Run Dialog
Alt+F3$alignr Alt Menu
Super+space$alignr Main Menu
Super+t$alignr Terminal
Super+f$alignr File Manager
Super+e$alignr Editor
Super+m$alignr Media Player
Super+w$alignr Web Browser
Super+g$alignr Graphics Editor
Super+l$alignr Lock Screen
Super+v$alignr Volume Control
Super+x$alignr Logout
PrtSc$alignr Screenshot

Screenshot - 02092013 - 08:29:27 PMI wanted to make my screen layout look more like the screenshot above, and this is how I changed my tint2 configuration file. Click on Settings >> tint2 >> Edit config file and save when done (lastly make sure to always restart openbox to enable any changes):

# For more information about tint2, see:
# For more config file examples, see:

# Background definitions
# ID 1
rounded = 0
border_width = 0
background_color = #000000 40
border_color = #828282 0

# ID 2 - task active
rounded = 1
border_width = 0
background_color = #d8d8d8 30
border_color = #d8d8d8 30

# ID 3 - task
rounded = 1
border_width = 0
background_color = #000000 0
border_color = #000000 0

# ID 4
rounded = 1
border_width = 1
background_color = #888888 20
border_color = #ED2323 60

# ID 5 - taskbar
rounded = 0
border_width = 1
background_color = #000000 0
border_color = #000000 0

# ID 6 - active taskbar
rounded = 0
border_width = 1
background_color = #d8d8d8 8
border_color = #d8d8d8 0

# ID 7 - tooltip
rounded = 3
border_width = 0
background_color = #222222 90
border_color = #222222 90

# ID 8
rounded = 1
border_width = 1
background_color = #888888 20
border_color = #888888 20

# Panel
panel_monitor = all
panel_position = bottom center horizontal
panel_items = TSC
panel_size = 100% 30
panel_margin = 0 -1
panel_padding = 0 0
panel_dock = 0
wm_menu = 1
panel_layer = bottom
panel_background_id = 1

# Panel Autohide
autohide = 0
autohide_show_timeout = 0.3
autohide_hide_timeout = 1.5
autohide_height = 6
strut_policy = follow_size

# Taskbar
taskbar_mode = multi_desktop
taskbar_padding = 6 0 6
taskbar_background_id = 5
taskbar_active_background_id = 6
taskbar_name = 1
taskbar_name_background_id = 0
taskbar_name_active_background_id = 0
taskbar_name_font = Liberation Sans 9
taskbar_name_font_color = #828282 100
taskbar_name_active_font_color = #828282 100

# Tasks
urgent_nb_of_blink = 20
task_icon = 1
task_text = 0
task_centered = 1
task_maximum_size = 40 40
task_padding = 2 2
task_background_id = 3
task_active_background_id = 2
task_urgent_background_id = 4
task_iconified_background_id = 3

# Task Icons
task_icon_asb = 80 0 0
task_active_icon_asb = 100 0 0
task_urgent_icon_asb = 100 0 0
task_iconified_icon_asb = 80 0 0

# Fonts
task_font = Liberation Sans 06_55 6
task_font_color = #828282 60
task_active_font_color = #828282 100
task_urgent_font_color = #FFFFFF 100
task_iconified_font_color = #d8d8d8 60
font_shadow = 0

# Launcher
launcher_padding = 8 4 4
launcher_background_id = 0
launcher_icon_size = 24
# Specify icon theme names with launcher_icon_theme. 
# if you have an XSETTINGS manager running (like xfsettingsd), tint2 will follow your current theme.
launcher_icon_theme = gnome-colors-statler
# Each launcher_item_app must be a full path to a .desktop file
launcher_item_app = /usr/share/applications/terminator.desktop
launcher_item_app = /usr/share/applications/xfce4-file-manager.desktop
launcher_item_app = /usr/share/applications/gedit.desktop
launcher_item_app = /usr/share/applications/iceweasel.desktop

# System Tray
systray = 1
systray_padding = 4 2 3
systray_sort = right2left
systray_background_id = 0
systray_icon_size = 24
systray_icon_asb = 100 0 0

# Clock
time1_format = %I:%M %p / %a %b %d
#time1_font = Museo 8
time1_font = AvantGardeLTMedium 8
#time2_format = %A %d %B
#time2_font = Monospace 6
clock_font_color = #b5b5b5 100
clock_padding = 4 0
clock_background_id = 0
clock_lclick_command = gsimplecal
clock_rclick_command = gsimplecal

# Tooltips
tooltip = 1
tooltip_padding = 2 2
tooltip_show_timeout = 0.0
tooltip_hide_timeout = 0.0
tooltip_background_id = 7
tooltip_font_color = #d8d8d8 100
tooltip_font = Liberation Sans normal 9.0

# Mouse
mouse_middle = none
mouse_right = toggle
mouse_scroll_up = toggle
mouse_scroll_down = iconify

# Battery
battery = 1
battery_low_status = 20
battery_low_cmd = notify-send "battery low"
battery_hide = 96
bat1_font = Liberation Mono 8
bat2_font = Liberation Mono 8
battery_font_color = #b5b5b5 100
battery_padding = 2 0
battery_background_id = 0

# End of config

Here is my autostart script for reference (Settings >> Openbox >> Edit autostart):

## Openbox
## ====================
## When you login to your CrunchBang Openbox session, this autostart script 
## will be executed to set-up your environment and launch any applications
## you want to run at startup.
## Note*: some programs, such as 'nm-applet' are run via XDG autostart.
## Run '/usr/lib/openbox/openbox-xdg-autostart --list' to list any
## XDG autostarted programs.
## More information about this can be found at:
## If you do something cool with your autostart script and you think others
## could benefit from your hack, please consider sharing it at:
## Have fun & happy CrunchBangin'! :) 

## GNOME PolicyKit and Keyring
eval $(gnome-keyring-daemon -s --components=pkcs11,secrets,ssh,gpg) &

## Set root window colour
hsetroot -solid "#2E3436" &

## Display
xrandr -s 1280x720 &
xrandr --dpi 96 &
## Group start:
## 1. nitrogen - restores wallpaper
## 2. compositor - start
## 3. sleep - give compositor time to start
## 4. tint2 panel
nitrogen --restore && \
cb-compositor --start && \
sleep 2s && \
tint2 \
) &

## Volume control for systray
(sleep 2s && pnmixer) &

## Volume keys daemon
xfce4-volumed &

## Enable power management
xfce4-power-manager &

## Start Thunar Daemon
thunar --daemon &

## Detect and configure touchpad. See 'man synclient' for more info.
if egrep -iq 'touchpad' /proc/bus/input/devices; then
    synclient VertEdgeScroll=1 &
    synclient TapButton1=1 &

## Start xscreensaver
xscreensaver -no-splash &

## Start Clipboard manager
(sleep 3s && clipit) &

## Set keyboard settings - 250 ms delay and 25 cps (characters per second) repeat rate.
## Adjust the values according to your preferances.
xset r rate 250 25 &

## Turn on/off system beep
xset b off &

## The following command runs hacks and fixes for #! LiveCD sessions.
## Safe to delete after installation.
cb-cowpowers &

## cb-welcome - post-installation script, will not run in a live session and
## only runs once. Safe to remove.
(sleep 10s && cb-welcome --firstrun) &

## cb-fortune - have Waldorf say a little adage
#(sleep 120s && cb-fortune) &

## Run the conky
conky -q &

Screenshot - 02062013 - 08:41:30 PMHere is how you can switch out Iceweasel for unbranded Firefox. Yes, I know they are identical, but someone may want to learn how to install Firefox on Pure Debian, and some 3rd party plug-ins I normally use will not install automatically in Iceweasel and so that is why I provide this option:

sudo apt-get remove iceweasel
sudo echo -e "\ndeb all main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list > /dev/null
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver C1289A29
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install firefox-mozilla-build

Aftewards you need to change your desktop openbox menu entry for your browser by editing your menu.xml file (Settings >> Openbox >> Edit menu.xml) and change it to something like this (do not just cut and paste this over everything, and only change the wording to firefox and do not change your own existing indentation to demarcate programming structure) located at:


And make it look like this (required):

<item label="Web Browser">
  <action name="Execute">

edit keyboard shortcut located (optional):


And make it look like this:

<keybind key="W-w">
  <action name="Execute">
   <name>Web Browser</name>

And save and close it.

Reboot your system to enable any changes.

Here are some really handy plugins for Firefox web browsers:

Adblock Plus (plugin) (Highly Recommended)

Adblock Plus (ABP) is a content-filtering extension for Mozilla Ice Weasel and Google Chrome web browsers. ABP, a forked version of Adblock, allows users to prevent page elements, such as advertisements, from being downloaded and displayed. Very popular, and almost what I would consider to be a necessity, if you surf the Internet on a daily basis. Works great with sites like and other similar web sites that bombard you with constant commercials. It will also allow you to import preconfigured blocklists to stop tracker web sites from monitoring your browser presence.

Password Exporter (plugin)

This extension allows you to export your saved passwords and disabled login hosts using XML or CSV files that can be imported later. Very helpful when needing to re-install  onto a new system or migrating your data and personal information.

Remember Passwords (plugin)

Patches the original Login Manager to allow saving of passwords on forms which otherwise suppress it. A really nice time-saver.

NetVideoHunter (plugin)

NetVideoHunter is a Ice Weasel add-on (extension), and you can easily download videos and audio from almost all audio and video streaming web pages with two clicks. Tested and considered to be probably the best plugin out of all the other similar plugins available for this kind of task.

HTTPS Everywhere (plugin)

HTTPS Everywhere is a Ice Weasel and Chrome extension that encrypts your communications with many major websites, making your browsing more secure.

NoScript (plugin)

NoScript (plugin) is a free and open-source extension for Mozilla Firefox, SeaMonkey, and other Mozilla-based web browsers, created and actively maintained by Giorgio Maone, an Italian software developer and member of the Mozilla Security Group. NoScript allows executable web content such as JavaScript, Java, Flash, Silverlight, and other plugins only if the site hosting it is considered trusted by its user and has been previously added to a whitelist. NoScript also offers specific countermeasures against security exploits.

YesScript (plugin)

A very simple JavaScript blacklist. Lately, I’ve noticed scripts not responsing on certain web sites (like and others). If you recieve an error that says a script isn’t responding, causing your browser to hang/crash your browser -and- you don’t want to use NoScript because it can be too intrusive most of the time, simply cut and paste the offending web site address into YesScript Firefox plug-in, and you can surf without further problems of this kind.

Dictionaries & Language Packs (plugin) (Recommended)

Additional Miscellaneous Add-ons for Firefox and Iceweasel:

BCExplorer for Firefox – BrightCloud category and reputation info as you browse!
Beef Taco – Sets permanent opt-out cookies to stop behavioral advertising by 102 different advertising networks (recommended)
BetterPrivacy – BetterPrivacy is a safeguard which protects from usually not deletable LSO’s on Google, YouTube, Ebay… (recommended)
BitDefender TrafficLight for Firefox – Adds a strong and non-intrusive layer of security to your browsing experience
BrowserProtect – Protect your browser configuration against homepage and search hijacks
CipherFox – Displays the current SSL/TLS cipher and certificate chain in the status bar.
CS Lite – This extension will allow you to easily control cookie permissions.
Ghostery – Protect your privacy. See who’s tracking your web browsing and block them with Ghostery.
GoogleSharing – GoogleSharing ultimately aims to provide a level of anonymity that will prevent google from tracking your searches, movements, and what websites you visit.
HTTPS Finder – HTTPS Finder automatically detects and alerts when SSL is available on a web page. It also provides one-click rule creation for HTTPS Everywhere. Other features include an ignore-domain list, and “auto-forward” to HTTPS.
Keylogger Beater – Use it to keep your username or password from being stolen by a keylogger.
LinkExtend – Provides meta-site-ratings for computer safety, child safety, company ethics, and popularity.
Master Password+ – Various enhancements for “master password”
Netcraft Toolbar – Blocks phishing sites, helping to protect users from online fraud…
anonymoX – Firefox add-on to achieve anonymity in surfing, using web-based proxy
PrivacySuite – One place to protect your privacy when you go online.
RefControl – Control what gets sent as the HTTP Referer on a per-site basis.
RequestPolicy – Be in control of which cross-site requests are allowed.
ShowIP – Show the IP address(es) of the current page in the status bar. It also allows querying custom information services by IP (right click) and hostname (left click), like whois, netcraft, etc. Additionally you can copy the IP address to the clipboard.
Certificate Patrol – Verifies SSL certificates
TrackMeNot – Protects users against search data profiling…
Priv3 – Practical Third-Party Privacy for the Social Web
WOT – The WOT add-on is a safe surfing tool for your browser.
For Human Eyes Only – converts messages into images
Change IP Address – How to quickly change your IP address with a new router MAC address (recommended)

For more privacy you can find more information here:

Java-drawn-logoOpenjdk 7 Update and Sun Java 7 JDK option

The default version of openjdk with debian may need to be updated. (Required)

Here is the updated openjdk that should work for most users:

sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk openjdk-7-jre icedtea-7-plugin

And then run:

sudo update-alternatives --config java

And then select /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk from the selection list and press enter.

Now if openjdk isn’t what you need and you know you need the proprietary Sun Java 7 JDK instead, use this installation script (optional):

cd ~/
wget -O
chmod +x
sudo ./ -7
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-jre oracle-java7-jdk oracle-java7-plugin oracle-java7-fonts

If you are behind a proxy you may need to run using:

sudo -i ./

If you want to see what this script is doing while it is running then execute the following from another shell:

tail -f ./

Thanks to for providing us this method to install Java on Debian.

Test your browser to make sure your Java is installed and working properly here:

If you are still having problems trying to install Java and getting Java to work correctly on your system, please visit the following web site for further support:

Screenshot - 02092013 - 04:40:43 PMHow to configure Autologin with SliMconf:

sudo apt-get install slimconf
gksudo slimconf

Screenshot - 02092013 - 05:41:01 PMHow to change the clock from military time to 12-hour AM/PM w/date in Tint2 config:

Openbox > Preferences > tint2 Panel Config > Edit config file, look for # Clock and change everything for #Clock to look like this and save it:

# Clock
time1_format = %I:%M %p / %a %b %d
#time1_font = Museo 8
time1_font = AvantGardeLTMedium 8
#time2_format = %A %d %B
#time2_font = Monospace 6
clock_font_color = #b5b5b5 100
clock_padding = 4 0
clock_background_id = 0
clock_lclick_command = gsimplecal
clock_rclick_command = gsimplecal

If you would like to know what other time variables are available: … es-to-faq/

Screenshot - 02092013 - 01:28:01 PM

Uncomplicated Firewall (UFW & GUFW)

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install ufw gufw

To check your current settings:

sudo ufw status verbose

To add basic firewall rules:

sudo ufw deny 5353/udp
sudo ufw deny 5900/tcp
sudo ufw deny 22
sudo ufw deny 25/tcp
sudo ufw deny 135,139,445/tcp
sudo ufw deny 137,138/udp
sudo ufw deny 110
sudo ufw deny 2049
sudo ufw deny 143
sudo ufw deny 21/tcp
sudo ufw deny ssh

To block outgoing ports except those needed (This configuration will allow the following outbound ports: 20-21, 53, 80, 123, 443, which is all that is required for many users, unless you plan on running a server):

sudo ufw deny out 1:19/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 1:19/udp
sudo ufw deny out 22:52/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 22:52/udp
sudo ufw deny out 54:79/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 54:79/udp
sudo ufw deny out 81:122/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 81:122/udp
sudo ufw deny out 124:442/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 124:442/udp
sudo ufw deny out 444:65535/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 444:65535/udp

Re-check your changes:

sudo ufw status verbose

Re-check enable (required):

sudo ufw enable

It will automatically load these settings from now on. If you need to access one of those ports temporarily, then you can open up sudo gufw and disable your firewall momentarily. Just don’t forget to re-enable it when you are done.

If you want to tighten-up your security even further please review:

Here is a configuration script if you are running a server:


# obtain server's IP address
SERVERIP=`hostname --all-ip-addresses | cut --fields 1 --delimiter " "`

# disable firewall
ufw disable

# reset all firewall rules
ufw reset

# set default rules: deny all incoming traffic, allow all outgoing traffic
ufw default deny incoming
ufw default allow outgoing

# open port for SSH
ufw allow OpenSSH

# open port for Webmin
ufw allow webmin

# open ports for Samba file sharing
ufw allow from to $SERVERIP app Samba
ufw allow to from $SERVERIP app Samba

# open ports for Transmission-Daemon
ufw allow 9091
ufw allow 20500:20599/tcp
ufw allow 20500:20599/udp

# open port for MySQL
ufw allow proto tcp from to any port 3306

# open ports for Lighttpd
ufw allow “Lighttpd Full”

# open port for network time protocol (ntpd)
ufw allow ntp

# enable firewall
ufw enable

# list all firewall rules
ufw status verbose

For more information:

How to periodically scan for rootkits. Both RKHunter and CHKRootkit basically do the same thing and to check your system for rootkits. No harm in using both.

Open a Terminal and enter the following :

sudo apt-get install rkhunter chkrootkit

To run chkrootkit open a terminal window and enter :

sudo chkrootkit

To update and run RKHunter. Open a Terminal and enter the following :

sudo rkhunter --update
sudo rkhunter --propupd
sudo rkhunter --check

If you get a warning for unhide.rb rkhunter simply informs you the unhide.rb executable
located in /usr/bin/ is a ruby script. It is perfectly normal and you can whitelist it in rkhunter.conf{,.local}.

And if you are interested in further hardening your Linux security (optional):

CPU Frequency Management

CPU frequency management is one of the key utilities to power preservation and here is how to solve that problem on your new Crunchbang system (Recommended):

Screenshot - 02092013 - 02:42:56 PMHere is a quick handy installation script for multimedia codecs and other applications (Required):

cd /usr/local/bin
sudo wget
sudo cp exoodles-tar.doc exoodles-tar.gz
sudo tar -xvf exoodles-tar.gz
sudo chmod +x exoodles
sudo exoodles

I highly recommend the above script. If you want to install your codecs manually proceed with the following instructions below, untested so leave me comment in the box below if they need updating.

Screenshot - 02092013 - 02:04:34 PM

MPlayer is a movie player that plays most MPEG, VOB, AVI, OGG/OGM, VIVO, ASF/WMA/WMV, QT/MOV/MP4, FLI, RM, NuppelVideo, yuv4mpeg, FILM, RoQ, and PVA files. You can also use it to watch VCDs, SVCDs, DVDs, 3ivx, RealMedia, and DivX movies. It supports a wide range of output drivers including X11, XVideo, DGA, OpenGL, SVGAlib, fbdev, AAlib, DirectFB etc. There are also nice antialiased shaded subtitles and OSD.

VLC media player is a highly portable multimedia player and multimedia framework capable of reading most audio and video formats as well as DVDs, Audio CDs VCDs, and various streaming protocols. It can also be used as a media converter or a server to stream in uni-cast or multi-cast in IPv4 or IPv6 on networks.

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install vlc mplayer mozilla-plugin-vlc guayadeque radiotray

SMPlayer intends to be a complete front-end for MPlayer, from basic features like playing videos, DVDs, and VCDs to more advanced features like support for MPlayer filters and more. One of the most interesting features of SMPlayer: it remembers the settings of all files you play. So you start to watch a movie but you have to leave. Don’t worry, when you open that movie again it will resume at the same point you left it, and with the same settings: audio track, subtitles, and volume. This is really great for watching DVD movies.

sudo apt-get install smplayer

FFMpeg is a complete and free Internet live audio and video broadcasting solution for Linux/Unix. It also includes a digital VCR. It can encode in real time in many formats including MPEG1 audio and video, MPEG4, h263, ac3, asf, avi, real, mjpeg, and flash.

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg libmp4v2-2 totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame libmad0 libjpeg-progs libquicktime2 flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-0.7.4-dev

Gstreammer 0.10

Open your Terminal, copy and paste (when you get to the EULA prompt press Tab key):

sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer-tools

How-to install Netflix in Crunchbang:

Additional True Type Fonts

When you begin the installation process you will come to a window that will require you to accept the EULA to install, and you will need to click on your <Tab> key to select <OK> and carefully press enter key and then carefully use <TAB> to select YES at the next prompt.

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer

Extra Multimedia packages:

For 32-bit

sudo apt-get install w32codecs libdvdcss2 gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 ffmpeg sox twolame vorbis-tools lame faad gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad

For 64-bit

sudo apt-get install w64codecs libdvdcss2 gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 ffmpeg sox twolame vorbis-tools lame faad gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad

Screenshot - 02092013 - 01:32:50 PMArchiver/ Packing software (Recommended)

An archive format is the file format of an archive file. The archive format is determined by the file archiver. Some archive formats are well-defined by their authors and have become conventions supported by multiple vendors and/or open-source communities.

sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar p7zip zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils uudeview mpack arj cabextract file-roller

Screenshot - 02092013 - 10:21:26 PM

Chrome Plugins:

Adblock Plus (plugin) (Recommended) Adblock Plus (ABP) is a content-filtering extension for Google Chrome web browsers. ABP, a forked version of Adblock, allows users to prevent page elements, such as advertisements, from being downloaded and displayed. Very popular, and almost what I would consider to be a necessity, if you surf the Internet on a daily basis. Works great with sites like and other similar web sites that bombard you with constant commercials. It will also allow you to import preconfigured blocklists to stop tracker web sites from monitoring your browser presence.

Remember Passwords (plugin)

Patches the original Login Manager to allow saving of passwords on forms which otherwise suppress it. A really nice time-saver.

Remote Desktop (plugin) Access other computers or allow another user to access your computer securely over the Internet.

HTTPS Everywhere (plugin) HTTPS Everywhere is a Firefox and Chrome extension that encrypts your communications with many major websites, making your browsing more secure.

Reditr is to Reddit what Tweetdeck is to Twitter. And now you can experience it under any GNU/Linux based system thanks to Google Chrome.

Additional Miscellaneous Add-ons for Chrome and Chromium:

A Little Privacy – Prevents passing referrer to third parties, removes redirect trackers, resolves short URLs, and more.
Abine TACO – Opt-out of advertising networks
Block Mixed Content – This extension blocks loading of insecure active content in secure (HTTPS) pages.
Chrome BCExplorer BETA – BrightCloud category and reputation info as you browse!
Chromeblock – Stop secret tracking of your web browsing
Disconnect – Stop major third parties and search engines from tracking the webpages you go to and searches you do.
Ghostery – Protect your privacy. See who’s tracking your web browsing with Ghostery.
KB SSL Enforcer – Automatic security, browse encrypted.
Keep My Opt-Outs – Permanently opts your browser out of online ad personalization via cookies.
NOREF – Suppress Referrer (referer) for Hyperlinks
NotScripts – A clever extension that provides a high degree of ‘NoScript’ like control of javascript, iframes, and plugins on Google Chrome.
SafeBrowser – Sends the url of the currently selected tab to Google Safe Browsing to retrieve some malware results of that domain
SaferChrome – SaferChrome makes browsing safer by identifying and preventing security and privacy breaches.
Signature Check – Allows users to check a certificate thumbprint against the thumbprint to detect man-in-the-middle attacks that use valid signing certificates.
SiteAdvisor for Chrome – SiteAdvisor will give safety ratings for websites, this extension will warn you before you open threat sites.
TrafficLight (BETA) – Adds a strong and non-intrusive layer of security to your browsing experience
Unencrypted Password Warning – Helps to prevent you from sending unencrypted passwords or credit card numbers.
Vanilla Cookie Manager – A Cookie Whitelist Manager that helps protect your privacy. Automatically removes unwanted cookies.
WOT – The WOT add-on is a safe surfing tool for your browser.
Hide My IP – Anonymous browsing

Google Talk is a browser plugin that lets you voice and video chat with friends and family from your browser. Install this plugin and logon to Gmail with your webcam and microphone attached to your computer, then initiate a chat with a friend or family member. It will try to connect to your webcam and enable video chat.

Special Note: After install Google Talk, if you see something like this:

W: Duplicate sources.list entry stable/main Packages (/var/lib/apt/lists/

You will need to open Synaptic Package manager and find the duplicate repository entry and disable it manually.

sudo wget -q -O - | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list'
apt-get update
apt-get install google-talkplugin

Screenshot from 2013-03-05 11:49:02

Redo Backup and Recovery is so simple that anyone can use it. It is the easiest, most complete disaster recovery solution available. It allows bare-metal restore. Even if your hard drive melts or your operating system gets completely borked, you can have a completely-functional system back up and running in as little as 10 minutes. If there is one thing you are going to be doing often with Crunchabang, it is reinstalling your operating system, and so it makes sense to backup your work before you get too involved tinkering around with Crunchbang. (Very Recommended)

Clonezilla is a free disaster recovery, disk cloning, disk imaging and deployment solution. Clonezilla is designed by Steven Shiau and developed by the NCHC Free Software Labs in Taiwan. Clonezilla SE provides multicast support similar to Norton Ghost Corporate Edition.

Graphical FTP clients

FileZilla is free, open source, cross-platform FTP/SFTP software, consisting of FileZilla Client and FileZilla Server. Binaries are available for Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X. It supports FTP, SFTP, and FTPS (FTP over SSL/TLS). As of 18 April 2011, FileZilla Client was the 7th most popular download of all time from

Screenshot - 02092013 - 02:26:45 PMThis is great FTP client, very complete, in my opinion, and the best one around.

To install FileZilla in terminal:

sudo apt-get install filezilla filezilla-common

Access it through Applications → Internet → FileZilla FTP Client.

Geany is a lightweight cross-platform GTK+ text editor based on Scintilla and including basic Integrated Development Environment (IDE) features. Among the supported programming languages are C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, PHP, HTML, LaTeX, CSS, Python, Perl, Ruby, Pascal, Haskell, Erlang, Vala and many others.

Screenshot - 02092013 - 02:24:48 PMIt was developed to provide a small and fast IDE, which has only a few dependencies from other packages. It supports many filetypes and has some nice features.

sudo apt-get install geany geany-plugins

LibreOffice (Recommended)

LibreOffice is a free software office suite developed by The Document Foundation as a fork of It is compatible with other major office suites, including Microsoft Office, and available on a variety of platforms. Its developers’ goal is to produce a vendor-independent office suite with ODF support and without any copyright assignment requirements. The name is a hybrid word with the first part Libre, which means free (as in freedom) in French and Spanish, and the English word Office.

To install LibreOffice:

crunchbang2Grammar checking Plug-in for LibreOffice Writer:

Make sure to update your LibreOffice plugins afterwards too.

To enable PDF import capability:

sudo apt-get install libreoffice-pdfimport

Special Note: If you would like the MS Windows OS or Apple Mac OS version of LibreOffice Suite for another computer you have at work or school – here is where you can find the link. And I definitely recommend using the torrent because the direct link doesn’t usually completely download for some unknown reason.

Image Editors

Windows equivalent : Adobe Photoshop

Debian equivalent : GIMP

Screenshot - 02092013 - 01:35:18 PM

GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free software raster graphics editor. It is primarily employed as an image retouching and editing tool and is freely available in versions tailored for most popular operating systems including Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS X, and GNU/Linux. It has layering abilities like Photoshop.

In addition to detailed image retouching and free-form drawing, GIMP can accomplish essential image editing tasks such as resizing, editing, and cropping photos, photomontages combining multiple images, and converting between different image formats. GIMP can also be used to create basic animated images in the GIF format.

New additions in Gimp 2.8 are single window mode, on-canvas text editing, layers group, and to apply all changes to a layer grouping.

GIMP’s product vision is that GIMP is, or will become, a free software high-end graphics application for the editing and creation of original images, icons, graphical elements of web pages and art for user interface elements.

sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data gimp-data-extras

Access it through Applications → Graphics → GIMP Image Editor.

Special Note: If you want the latest version of Gimp, I have attempted to figure out a way to install the latest GIMP 2.8 in Debian Squeeze and I couldn’t find instructions that would work to allow me to successfully build it from scratch.  I was able to install Gimp 2.7, but it had problems too after testing it out. There really isn’t a way to get 2.8 on here without a huge hassle – AFAIK.

Download additional Script-Fu filters and tweaks:

Instructions on how to install Scripts that work in Gimp:

To install additional helpful plugins for Gimp try:

Photo Management

RAW file viewers/editors/plugins for SLR Digital Photography

Not the most intuitive program to use at first, Raw Therapee is a fairly feature rich and comprehensive RAW editor that’s compatible with Linux. At the time of writing, the team are working on a stable release of version 3.0, which is a major release for the project. Unidentified Flying RAW (or UFRaw for short) is a dedicated RAW image editor based on GTK+. It can be used as an application on its own or as a plugin for GIMP (simply open a RAW image in GIMP to be presented with the UFRaw editor window).

sudo apt-get install libraw-bin ufraw ufraw-batch and gimp-ufraw rawtherapee

For more raw file utilities visit:

Darktable is an open source photography workflow application and RAW developer. A virtual lighttable and darkroom for photographers. It manages your digital negatives in a database, lets you view them through a zoomable lighttable and enables you to develop raw images and enhance them. It focuses on the workflow to make it easier for the photographer to quickly handle the thousands of images a day of shooting can produce. It’s also one of the very few FOSS projects able to do tethered shooting.

sudo apt-get install darktable

Screenshot - 02092013 - 01:39:47 PM

Shotwell can import photos and videos from a digital camera directly. Shotwell automatically groups photos and videos by date, and supports tagging. Its image editing features allow users to rotate, crop, eliminate red eye, and adjust levels and color balance. It also features an auto “enhance” option that will attempt to guess appropriate levels for the image. Shotwell allows users to publish their images and videos to Facebook, Flickr, Picasa Web Albums, Piwigo, and YouTube.

sudo apt-get install shotwell

Audacity is a cross-platform multitrack audio editor. It allows you to record sounds directly or to import files in various formats and convert audio files into many different audio file formats too. It features a few simple effects, all of the editing features you should need, and unlimited undo. This is the first and last GUI audio editor you will ever need on Debian.

Screenshot - 02092013 - 02:15:54 PMThe GUI was built with wxWidgets and the audio I/O supports PulseAudio, OSS and ALSA under Linux.

sudo apt-get install audacity lame libmp3lame0


gtkpod is a graphical user interface for the Apple iPod for Unix-like systems, written using the GTK+ toolkit.

Windows equivalent : iTunes

Screenshot - 02092013 - 02:20:43 PMThis application allow you to connect to your ipod, shuffle, idohickeythingamabob so you can access your music, mp4s, and tranfer them, copy them, rename them, with Ubuntu or Debian systems. It’s all kinds of good stuff for apple media users.

sudo apt-get install gtkpod

Map Viewing and Management

Google Earth allows you to travel the world through a virtual globe and view satellite imagery, maps, terrain, 3D buildings, and much more. With Google Earth’s rich, geographical content, you are able to experience a more realistic view of the world.

Screenshot - 02092013 - 10:41:27 PMSoftware Prerequisite: Make sure you have all your media codecs installed listed at the beginning of this tutorial.

And if you are running a 64-bit version of Debian you need to install ia32-libs:

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ia32-libs

Prerequisite (both 32-bit and 64-bit):

sudo apt-get install lsb-core

Click here to go to the Google Earth deb package download page.

Select either: 32 bit .deb (For Debian/Ubuntu) or 64 bit .deb (For Debian/Ubuntu)

And install it with Gdebi like this:

Screenshot - 02092013 - 02:00:21 PMCheckgmail

If you would like to get notified when you have a new mail in your google mail account, checkgmail is for you.

Screenshot - 02092013 - 01:58:20 PMTo install Checkgmail type the following command in the Terminal Window.

sudo apt-get install checkgmail

Now you can launch it from Application → Internet → CheckGmail

1_003Dynamic auto-updating menus with icons (optional)

This will create a self-updating dynamic menu system called Debian. The original #! configuration files are also located in /etc/skel/.config/openbox in case you want to start over from scratch if you get stuck. Yes, this may (will?) wipe your existing configuration, so you definitely need to have backups of your openbox menu.xml, rc.xml, and autostart files on-hand. They are located naturally in your home folder under ./config/openbox (in file manager press Alt-h to show hidden files) to begin a handy backup.

If you want applications you’ve just installed to show up automatically in the openbox menu theres a pipemenu for that. Open up your menu.xml file and add:

<menu id="/Debian" />

Where you would like the menu to appear.

Then open ~/.config/openbox/rc.xml, (in the menu under under Preferences –> Openbox Config –> edit rc.xml). Then find the section (fairly near the bottom) containing:

<!-- system menu files on Debian systems
<file>debian-menu.xml</file> -->

and change it to:

<!-- system menu files on Debian systems --> 

Then you need to install the menu application, either in the terminal type:

sudo apt-get install menu

or use synaptic (in the menu, System –> Package Manager), search for menu, right click and select mark for installation and then select apply. And finally type:

openbox --reconfigure

to reload.

Important: This is where you need to make a backup of your rc.xml, updated menu.xml, and your autostart config files at this point. Attempt a system restart to avoid the next couple of step. It may work after a reboot. I didn’t test that.

Okay, so after a reboot and the menu still doesn’t show Debian, you may need to run this in terminal for it to completely work (Warning: this will overwrite your existing menu.xml, rc.xml, and autostart files so hopefully you made a backup of those by now):

cp /etc/xdg/openbox/* .config/openbox/

and then run this again:

openbox --reconfigure

Okay now you are looking a naked openbox. No conky. No taskbar. Nothing. Now here is the tricky part: you need to migrate the backups of your menu.xml and your autostart back into your ./config/openbox and then restart openbox. Don’t change rc.xml file.

And then use terminal:

gksu geany

Now it is just a matter of slowly copying and pasting over your new autostart file, your menu.xml file, and your rc.xml file with your old backups. Redo everything the way you want it to look. Use Settings>>Openbox>GUI config tool to reconfigure the theme you want to use. There is some trial-and-error at this point to get everything just right.  And keep running:

openbox --reconfigure

…until you have everything looking exactly the way you like. Afterwards your Debian menu entry should work. I really wish they made an easier way to configure this, but nobody seems very interested in dynamic menu systems with Crunchbang.

Hard Disk Partition Manager

GParted is a GTK+ front-end to GNU Parted and the official GNOME Partition Editor application.

Screenshot - 02102013 - 09:41:12 PMIt is used for creating, deleting, resizing, moving, checking and copying partitions, and the file systems on them. This is useful for creating space for new operating systems (works with Vista / Windows 7 System & Data partitions), reorganizing disk usage, copying data residing on hard disks and mirroring one partition with another (disk imaging). It is useful for tasks such as: creating space for new operating systems, restructuring disk space to separate user and operating system data, and copying partitions to enable upgrading to a larger hard disk drive. Your hard disk drive or USB flash drive can be subdivided into one or more partitions. GParted enables you to reorganize your disk partitions while preserving the contents of these partitions.

sudo apt-get install gparted

Calibre is a free and open source e-book computer software that organizes, saves and manages e-books, supporting a variety of formats. It also supports e-book syncing with a variety of popular e-book readers. calibre is cross-platform (programmed in Python and C) and is intended for the three main operating systems, Linux, Mac OS X and Windows.

Windows: “Kindle for PC” software

Calibre was originally called libprs500, but was renamed calibre (lower case ‘C’) in mid-2008. calibre is primarily an e-book cataloging program. It is designed around the concept of the logical book, where a single database entry corresponds with the same book in a variety of formats. calibre supports the following formats for cataloging: AZW, AZW1, CBR, CBZ, CHM, EPUB, FB2, HTML, IMP, LIT, LRF, LRX, MOBI, ODT, OEBZIP, OPF, PDB, PDF, PML, PMLZ, PRC, RAR, RB, RTF, SNB, TPZ, TXT and ZIP.

sudo apt-get install calibre

Also make sure to install better smaller fonts:

P2P Clients & Servers, File Sharing

BitTorrent is a peer-to-peer file sharing protocol used for distributing large amounts of data over the Internet. BitTorrent is one of the most common protocols for transferring large files, and it has been estimated that it accounted for roughly 43% to 70% of all Internet traffic (depending on geographical location) as of February 2009.


FrostWire is a free, open source BitTorrent client, first released in September, 2004, as a fork of LimeWire. It was initially very similar to LimeWire in appearance and functionality, but developers added more features, such as BitTorrent support. In version Five, Gnutella support was dropped entirely, and now FrostWire only uses the BitTorrent network. Development of the program has been active since the program was first released in September 2004.

Download  Frostwire:

PeerGuardian Linux (pgl) is a privacy oriented firewall application. It blocks connections to and from hosts specified in huge blocklists (thousands or millions of IP ranges). Its origins lie in targeting aggressive IPs while you use P2P.

While you are installing PGL just accept the default settings for now. You can change them with PGLGUI after you are done installing everything.

To install PGL and PGLGUI in terminal (select the default settings by using the TAB key and pressing enter – there will be several prompts – just accept default settings and afterwards you can configure the blocklists):

Add these to your source.list:

deb wheezy main 
deb-src wheezy main

Update your system.

And then copy and paste in Terminal:

gpg --keyserver --recv-keys C0145138
gpg --export --armor C0145138 | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get install pgld pglcmd pglgui

Make sure to enable your blocklists you want and update PGLGUI after you get it completely installed:

The first thing most users will notice after installing PGL and have it running is that their Pidgin/Empathy/IMclientOfChoice/WebBrowser stops working. PGLGUI log will list the IP’s and info about the IP’s, so just whitelist them if need be with one mouse click.

It is really a very strong utility and will block pretty much everything until you tell it to do otherwise. But you only need to run this when you are seeding or downloading torrent files. This doesn’t need to be running all the time.

Deluge Client is a full-featured BitTorrent client for Linux, OS X, Unix and Windows. It uses libtorrent in it’s backend and features multiple user-interfaces including: GTK+, web and console. It has been designed using the client server model with a daemon process that handles all the bittorrent activity.

The Deluge daemon is able to run on headless machines with the user-interfaces being able to connect remotely from any platform.

sudo apt-get install deluge-torrent

Access it through Applications → Internet → Deluge Torrent.

Azureus Client: Uses Java to run, very complete but a bit heavy. And has a wide variety of add-ons to choose from too.

Vuze (formerly Azureus) is a P2P file sharing client using the bittorrent protocol. Search and download torrent files. Play, convert and transcode videos and music for playing on many devices such as PSP, TiVo, XBox, PS3, iTunes (iPhone, iPod, Apple TV).

sudo apt-get install azureus

Access it through Applications → Internet → Azureus.

µTorrent Server is a very tiny BitTorrent server, super fast and ultra light. µTorrent’s built for speed. That means ultra-efficient downloads of mega-sized files. Untested in Ubuntu 10.04 LTS.

Go to µTorrent official site and download the Ubuntu installation package and use the following instructions to install µTorrent at:

They aren’t quite Ubuntu friendly, but they will help you get that on there.

BleachBit quickly frees disk space and tirelessly guards your privacy. Free cache, delete cookies, clear Internet history, shred temporary files, delete logs, and discard junk you didn’t know was there. Designed for Linux and Windows systems, it wipes clean 90 applications including Firefox, Internet Explorer, Adobe Flash, Google Chrome, Opera, Safari, and more. I highly recommend installing this on your system at some point, and making sure to have it automatically run at system login as a reminder. Even though Ubuntu doesn’t have issues with Viruses and Spyware, however your system can become slowly bogged down with tmp cache files in Mozilla Firefox and Chrome with heavy use, so it makes sense to run bleachbit periodically to speed up your system.

Screenshot - 02092013 - 01:56:56 PMBeyond simply deleting files, BleachBit includes advanced features such as shredding files to prevent recovery, wiping free disk space to hide traces of files deleted by other applications, and vacuuming Firefox to make it faster. Better than free, BleachBit is open source. If you have a system that seems to be running slower than normal, it’s always a good idea to try running Bleachbit to see if it may resolve your performance issues that you may be experiencing. I personally recommend that heavy internet users run this at least once or twice a month.

sudo apt-get install bleachbit
sudo bleachbit
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