To Do List After installing Ubuntu 12.04.5 LTS Precise Pangolin OS

Screenshot from 2013-09-21 22:49:12Ubuntu 12.04 Unity Desktop Environment

Screenshot from 2013-10-09 10:05:09Ubuntu 12.04 Classic “Flashback” Desktop Environment

Screenshot from 2013-09-21 22:53:56Ubuntu 12.04 Gnome 3 Desktop Environment

Screenshot from 2013-09-21 23:00:49Ubuntu 12.04 Cairo Desktop (Gnome Environment)

Supported until April 2017

Tutorial updated on May 14th., 2015.

Ubuntu is designed primarily for use on personal computers, although a server edition also exists. Ubuntu holds an estimated global usage of more than 12 million desktop users, making it the most popular desktop Linux distribution with about 50% of Linux desktop marketshare. In January 2012, the people at Ubuntu estimated that 20 million people use their operating system. It is fourth most popular on web servers, though its popularity is increasing rapidly. No more viruses, and no more spyware/malware. This guide was created primarily to help new Ubuntu users transition quickly over from other operating systems, but is just as useful to even very experienced Linux users. When you are done installing everything on this list hopefully you will have everything you would probably find on other comparable commercially available operating systems. There was a step-by-step list written for Fedora many many years ago when I was first starting out learning about Linux OS and was the concept for this guide, and I always found this to be best way to do fresh installations of Linux on my own computers. Netflix now works out of the box via the latest Google Chrome stable and Steam is available for gaming enthusiasts.

Ubuntu is sponsored by the UK-based company Canonical Ltd. Canonical generates revenue by selling technical support and services related to Ubuntu, while the operating system itself is entirely free of charge, if you get really stuck at some point, it would probably make more sense to use paid commercially available technical support if you run into trouble installing Ubuntu OS than using a free how-to list, like this one.

Here is a nice user guide:

Special Note: Here at we are trying to raise critical revenue so that it can remain freely available to users around the world. We are a non-profit organization that operates this web site. We are working towards bringing free Linux support to everyone. The ads on this page are from the gracious free hosting provided by and so without donations we don’t actually generate funds from commercials or ads or page visits. This page is updated daily with new information and always kept as current as possible. If you would please consider making a donation, if you find anything on this web site useful, that would help us to keep this available for everyone else that needs this support in the future. Should you have any problems donating, or other questions, please use our contact page. Your feedback is always welcome. If you find any errors within this tutorial please use the comment box below (located at the bottom of this tutorial) to report them and I will provide an update to this tutorial when time permits. Thank you.

For more specific information (recommended):

Download Ubuntu 12.04.5:

Download Ubuntu 12.04.5 – Torrent (Faster Download)

In addition various others can be found at the following links:

Existing Ubuntu users can use Startup Disc Creator to format your USB drive and migrate the above downloaded image to a USB Flash Drive or USB Thumb Drive. Afterwards you can boot from your USB drive, or you can burn it to a disc with Brasero, or K3b, and boot from your CD/DVD drive instead. USB is much faster than CDs or DVDs when it comes to installation time, and less chance of data corruption.

Existing Mac users can use these instructions on how to install Ubuntu for the first time:

Existing Windows users can use these instructions on how to install Ubuntu for the first time if you are new to Ubuntu Linux. Avoid using Wubi. And my recommendation is to use a USB Flash Drive:

If you are currently running Windows:

Format your USB device using a FAT32 partition. Download win32imagewriter from here. Extract the ZIP archive to the directory of your choice, preferably your download directory the Ubuntu ISO is stored. Run the Win32ImageWriter program, and click the folder icon in the Image File section. In the window to “Select a disk image,” navigate to the download directory your ISO is in, and type “*.iso” without the quotes. The image should appear. Click the Save button. Select your USB device from the list under “Device”. Click the “Write” button to write the image to the USB drive.

Special Note: Tutorial on how-to disable Windows UEFI “Secure Boot” if you have a newer Windows PC:

Hardware that sports the “Designed for Windows 8″ logo requires machines to support UEFI Secure Boot. When the feature is enabled, the core software components used to boot the machine are verified for correct cryptographic signatures, or the system refuses to boot. This is a desirable security feature, because it protects from malware sneaking into the boot process. However, it has an issue for alternative operating systems, because it’s likely they won’t have a signature that Secure Boot will authorize. No worries, because Microsoft also mandated that every system must have a UEFI configuration setting to turn the protection off, allowing booting other operating systems. This situation may now change. At its WinHEC hardware conference in Shenzhen, China, Microsoft said the setting to allow Secure Boot to be turned off will become optional when Windows 10 arrives. Hardware can be “Designed for Windows 10,” and offer no way to opt out of the Secure Boot lock down. The choice to provide the setting (or not) will be up to the original equipment manufacturer.


When you have your ubuntu.iso downloaded, and installed onto a USB Flash Thumb Drive, you will need to boot your computer from the USB Flash Drive. When you turn on your computer there should be an option at the bottom of your screen to allow you to change the boot order temporarily or you may need to select BIOS settings, and then reconfigure your BIOS settings to boot from your USB port first, instead of your HDD. You can change it back to the default when you are done installing Ubuntu. You will need to have your newly created Ubuntu installation USB inserted in your USB port when the computer is booting up. If this is your first time using Ubuntu on your computer, please make sure that you thoroughly test everything with your Live Ubuntu USB drive and to make sure all of your hardware is supported on your computer before installing it to your hard drive.

Special Notes about wiping your personal data before installing Linux OS: If you have a hard drive that you need to have magnetically shredded because you are giving your computer to someone else for example, Dban will overwrite everything, even sectors marked as bad. Formatting a hard drive is not the same as shredding. If you have an SSD drive, instead of an ordinary old-fashioned hard drive, that you need to have shredded, make sure to try to use the disc that came from the factory since SSD drives are usually encrypted and for other reasons as will be explained here. Check with the manufacturer of your computer or the company that created your internal SSD drive device to see if they have a disc image they would recommend for wiping your particular SSD drive clean.

Now the following method of wiping your hard drive is completely fine for SATA and Ultra IDE old-fashioned hard drives that have spinning platters. SSD drives don’t spin because they are solid state and without moving parts. Here is where you can download dban to burn onto a blank cd-r/dvd-r disc to use for traditional hard drive data shredding:

Here is a brief explanation, traditional hard drives store files in physical locations on a magnetic platter, which is then indexed in the file system and accessed using a mechanical arm. This is a very linear way of doing things. While SSD also uses file systems to communicate data storage locations to the host system, and they independently reshuffle data for wear leveling. Those changes are recorded on a separate map. In other words, SSDs do not use any physically indexable locations, and software cannot specifically target sectors on the disk.

Okay, if you are using a traditional non-SSD hard drive device here is how you can use your existing live installation flash drive you have previously created with this tutorial to do this task, but only if you trust yourself enough to do this manually (intermediate to advanced users only and please read all the instructions first before issuing them in Terminal):

In Terminal copy and paste:

sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/XdY

Before issuing that command in Terminal, where XdY is the drive, (i.e. sda, sdb, or hda, hdb) you will need to figure out exactly what /dev/XdY is on your computer and then change the above command to suit your hardware.

Here is how you identify XdY above:

 sudo sfdisk -l

Special note: DD will zero-out your hard drive, it is irreversible, and may take over an hour to perform. When you hit enter after using the command there will be no process indicator, you will have no idea how far along DD is during the shedding process, and you will just have to be patient. If you want something that has a process indicator or multiple sweeps for even greater security then you should try using free Dban instead or use a commercial HDD shredder like Partition Magic ISO. If you have to do this on a regular basis for work then I would probably recommend creating a dedicated Partition Magic live USB drive for this task. Too bad they don’t have this built-in with Ubuntu OS Ubiquity installers like they do with the OSX installer, and maybe eventually they will add this useful feature in the Ubuntu OS Ubiquity installer to make it easily for new users to Linux OS.

Now on the other hand, if your computer has a SSD solid state drive, the other more newer kind of hard drive, they can only be written a limited number of times. This presents some interesting challenges, particularly when it comes to erasing and shredding data (and doing so securely). Tools like Darik’s Boot and Nuke are not only ineffective, their write-intensive nature can vastly reduce performance and shorten your SSD device’s lifespan. Generally speaking, you should never have to perform any maintenance on your solid state drive. Such storage media has been designed with self-sufficiency in mind, using a series of algorithms and failsafes put in place to both maximize drive life and ensure data is properly discarded. Protection comes in the form of wear leveling, designed to evenly distribute stored data between SSD blocks.

Fortunately, it is possible to erase most SSDs, though this is closer to a “reset” than a wipe. The “ATA Secure Erase” command instructs the drive to flush all stored electrons, forcing the drive to “forget” all stored data. This command essentially resets all available blocks to the “erase” state.

Here is how you perform a SSD hard drive “ATA Secure Erase” if you intend to donate or sell your computer with a fresh installation of Linux OS to someone else and you don’t want them to have the ability to do a data recovery on your personal, sensitive data, and information on your computer.

Make sure the SSD drive ‘Security’ is not frozen. If it is, it may help to suspend and resume the computer and then completely reboot your computer before running the ATA Erase command.

First boot into your newly created Linux OS live bootable USB drive.

Here is how you can find out the current state of your SSD hard drive before performing a reset:

sudo hdparm -I /dev/XdY

Here is what the output should look like:

Master password revision code = 65534
not     enabled
not     locked
not     frozen <-------------------- This drive is not frozen, continue.
not     expired: security count
supported: enhanced erase

The next step is to set a user password for the SSD device (this password is cleared eventually by running the final command here and so the exact choice does not matter):

sudo hdparm --user-master u --security-set-pass YOURPASSWORD /dev/XdY

Lastly, issue the SSD ATA Secure Erase command:

sudo hdparm --user-master u --security-erase YOURPASSWORD /dev/XdY

Again, first you need to figure out what XdY is for your own individual system hard drive configuration for each of the above commands before copying, pasting, and editing the above commands to suit your configuration. Take your time with this.

And again here is how you identify XdY above:

 sudo sfdisk -l

Installation of Ubuntu:

Make sure you select and place checkmarks next to “Download updates while installing”, and “Install this third-party software” on the following screen. (Recommended)

You can either select to repartition your entire hard drive for Ubuntu, or you want to keep your existing Windows OS installation, and you can select a side-by-side installation.

Since there have been issues with the video card drivers in Ubuntu 12.04 you probably would want to leave the Log in automatically deselected and change it to “Require my password to log in”, and that way you can switch your session to Ubuntu 2D in case your video drivers have problems in 12.04. (Recommended)

Now that you hopefully have Ubuntu installed on your computer, here is how to use this To-do List Tutorial if you are new to using Ubuntu Linux (click the gear icon to switch to HD video):

Now it would be a good idea to talk about repositories and PPAs before we get too deep into this to-do list after installing Ubuntu OS.

New terminology to learn: There are official Ubuntu repositories pre-installed on your system and there are PPAs that you can add to your system. A PPA is a web folder that contains packages of software you can install. It really isn’t much more complicated than that. When you install a package, you do that with root privileges and the package has scripts that are run, so they are run as root. That means installing any software is dangerous and you do need to trust the developer or distributor. There are many PPAs listed in this tutorial to choose from and most of them have been personally examined to see if they might contain any such kinds of malicious code or cause breakage with this version of LInux OS, but it is important to remember that packages are constantly being updated though.  When working with PPAs it is good to remember that you are downloading packages other users have created, which are constantly changing, and if at some point a PPA you have added seems to be borking/breaking your system or the application(s) aren’t working as expected, you can always completely reverse what you have done, instead of reinstalling your operating system from scratch. Here is how you can do that if you ever need to rollback after a PPA installation/upgrade.

If you want to delete a PPA repository as well as all packages installed/upgraded from the PPA, you can use ppa-purge command.

To install ppa-purge:

sudo apt-get install ppa-purge

To remove a PPA repository and all its packages from the command line (substitute the ‘ppa:webapps/preview’ for the actual name of the PPA you want to remove):

sudo ppa-purge ppa:webapps/preview

This method can be useful when you identify and purge broken PPA repositories after installing.

However, if you feel that your system security has been compromised after adding a PPA it is always prudent to do a clean re-installation of your operating system.

Okay, if you rebooted your computer after installing and your computer fails to start correctly you can try to fix grub bootloader with the following program called Boot-Repair.

Boot-Repair is a simple tool to repair frequent boot issues you may encounter in Ubuntu like when you can’t boot Ubuntu after installing Windows or another Linux distribution, or when GRUB is not displayed anymore, some upgrades breaks GRUB, etc.

Boot-Repair lets you fix these issues with a simple click, which (generally reinstall GRUB and) restores access to the operating systems you had installed before the issue. You need to boot from your live stick of Ubuntu again and then run these commands in Terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:yannubuntu/boot-repair && sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y boot-repair && boot-repair

Grub Customizer is a GUI configuration tool to allow users to change the Grub 2 settings without using the command line. The application allows the user to add, remove, freeze, rename and reorder boot menu items. It will also allow changes to the Grub 2 configuration settings such as background image and menu timeout. For long-time users familiar with StartUp-Manager, this application performs many of the same capabilities with additional options. It also makes convoluted guides such as my “Grub 2 Title Tweaks” unnecessary for all but the most devoted command-line enthusiasts!

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install grub-customizer

Special Note: If your desktop seems to be running slow, you can switch your session to Ubuntu 2D by logging out, and clicking the little gear looking icon next to where you enter in your password, and click on the gear to change your session to Ubuntu 2D instead and re-login again to save your changes.

They have done a terrific job updating the Ubuntu Classic “Fallback” Desktop Environment in Ubuntu 12.04 for those who don’t really like Unity, and still long for the original Gnome 2.* Desktop look and feel. To install Gnome Fallback session DE (see screenshot at the top of this article), you will need to install “gnome-session-fallback” package using Ubuntu Software Center, and Synaptic Package Manager (which no longer comes installed by default either in 12.04).

To install Classic Ubuntu “Fallback” Desktop Environment:

sudo apt-get install gnome-shell
sudo apt-get install gnome-session-fallback
sudo apt-get install indicator-applet-appmenu
sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool

Then log out and select “GNOME Classic” at the LightDM login screen. You need to click on the the little-round-looking-icon next to where you type your password to change your session to Ubuntu Classic “Fallback” session. And Gnome 3.x Desktop Themes can be added with gnome-tweak-tool.

Ubuntu 12.04 (Gnome 2 Fork) Mate Desktop Environment

Unhappy with Unity? Want your old school Gnome 2 desktop back? Just when you thought Gnome 2 was gone forever. It’s back with MATE!

More info here:

How to install older Gnome 2 clone “Mate” Desktop Environment in 12.04:

sudo add-apt-repository "deb precise main"
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mate-archive-keyring
sudo apt-get install mate-core

Then log out and select “MATE” at the LightDM login screen. You need to click on the the little-gear-looking-icon next to where you type your password to change your session to Mate session.

Screen-Shot-2014-02-26-at-17.15.57-750x500 Lubuntu (LXDE) 13.10 Desktop Environment

For those of you switching from Windows XP, since it will no longer be supported by Microsoft, Lubuntu is a lightweight Linux operating system based on Ubuntu but using the LXDE desktop environment in place of Ubuntu’s Unity shell and GNOME desktop. LXDE is touted as being “lighter, less resource hungry and more energy-efficient”. Lubuntu received official recognition as a formal member of the Ubuntu family on 11 May 2011, commencing with Lubuntu 11.10, released October 13th 2011. If you really want something more like Gnome 2 was in Ubuntu, I can suggest trying Lubuntu as a nice slim retro alternative, copy and paste into Terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:lubuntu-desktop/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop

Now log out and select “Lubuntu” at the LightDM login screen. You need to click on the the little gear looking icon next to where you type your password to switch your session to Lubuntu.

Here is a nice Lubuntu WinXP theme for Linux newbies:

Adding Medibuntu Package Repository (Discontinued) (Optional Alternative):

The only thing this does is provide you with DVD codecs to playback DVD movies. If you don’t have a DVD drive, or you don’t watch DVD movies on your computer you can ignore these packages.

Special Note: w32codecs and w64codecs are no longer available.

To disable the Medibuntu repository and enable the libdvdcss one, use these commands:

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
curl | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb ./" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/libdvdcss.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2

They are currently looking for new maintainer(s) for Medibuntu, if interested please visit:

Enable Partner and Independent Repositories in Ubuntu Software Center (Prerequisite and Requirement) :

Open Ubuntu Software Center and select “Edit” and then select “Software Sources”:

Make sure both Canonical Partner repositories have check marks next to them and make sure it looks something like this and click close:

If you receive any update errors regarding your cdrom install disc make sure to go back to the previous “other software” and leave them disabled, and then update your system.

Now open up Terminal and copy and paste (afterwards reboot your system and repeat this step until no further updates are found – do not proceed until done here):

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

You can set up automatic unattended-upgrades pretty easily by typing this in a terminal (and when it prompts you to select yes or no – hit the left arrow key to select yes):

sudo apt-get install unattended-upgrades
sudo dpkg-reconfigure unattended-upgrades

Adobe Flash Player (Prerequisite and Required) is a cross-platform, browser-based application runtime that provides uncompromising viewing of expressive applications, content, and videos across browsers and operating systems. Flash Player 10.3 delivers beautiful HD video, faster graphics rendering, and high performance on mobile devices and personal computers and is designed to take advantage of native device capabilities — enabling richer, more impressive user experiences.

Open Terminal and copy and paste this:

sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer gsfonts-x11

Here is what I consider to be one of the most important steps when configuring your newly installed Ubuntu OS, and having sufficient video playback performance (i.e. web video playback, system lag, and  gaming frame rate etc.)  is making sure your video drivers are installed completely.  If your video drivers aren’t correctly installed correctly you probably will notice some performance degradation without this step completed successfully.

Video Drivers and Proprietary Drivers Check (Required):

Most of the complaints I hear from new users to Ubuntu OS is related to poor flash video playback and video performance issues. The one thing that Ubuntu doesn’t tell users is they need to check for any drivers manually and to see what may  need to still be installed.

If the Additional Drivers dialog has not opened, and does not appear as an icon in the system tray, you may not require any Additional Drivers. However, it is important that you check this at least once, you can simply search for and open Additional Drivers. It is also located in your ‘System’ >> ‘Preferences’ menu if you are running classic DE. It will automatically check for the latest drivers for your system as it opens. This may take a few seconds.

Once the Additional Drivers program has finished searching for new drivers, it will open a dialog window. Here you can see the selection of drivers, if any are available to you. Grey icons indicate that the driver is not in use, and green indicates that it is in use, or “activated”.

TIP: Having an unsupported video adapter on Linux OS is quite common. If you currently experience poor video playback when using Mozilla browser, many times issues like that can be traced back to your video driver on Linux OS, but first make sure it isn’t just poor internet bandwidth/speed from your Internet Service Provider. If you are using a desktop computer, buy a different video card to install on your motherboard. Many times this will resolve most video playback issues on Linux systems. Laptop users are stuck with whatever support that is available for their systems because they cannot swap out unsupported video adapter hardware, like you can with a desktop computer.

It is always a good idea to begin some basic research on your hardware to see if anyone else has reported any problems with your make and model of computer while running Ubuntu OS.

In Terminal copy and paste:

sudo dmidecode -s system-product-name

Then copy and paste the above results into Google search engine, including the word ‘Ubuntu’ to begin a search for any other users who might be running Ubuntu, who share with you the exact same hardware specifications, and importantly to see if anyone else has reported any problems trying to get Ubuntu OS running correctly on your identical hardware. This helps save you some time if you have never installed Ubuntu on this computer before.

To learn which driver you should be activating, if any at all, you should do some research into the component it applies to. Some basic details are provided: testing, license, and a short description, but much more information can usually be found online.  Most drivers tested by Ubuntu Developers should work without a hitch.

Do a search for “Software & Updates” and click on it.

Screenshot from 2013-03-18 08:49:35Then click on the “Additional Drivers” tab.

Screenshot from 2013-03-18 08:50:48If you see any drivers listed that aren’t installed yet on your system, make sure to select them and click ‘Apply Changes’. Make sure to let them download and install completely before doing anything else with your computer, otherwise you might corrupt the installation.

Screenshot from 2013-03-01 00:21:20After you have installed your drivers, and restarted your system, you need to run this in terminal to check to make sure your video driver were completely installed and hopefully you have all “yes” displayed:

/usr/lib/nux/unity_support_test -p

If your video drivers didn’t install correctly or you couldn’t find any restart your system, and check again. Whenever you install new drivers you need to restart your system to make sure they are completely enabled. If they still don’t show up go to Ubuntu Forums, do a hardware specifications pastebin upload and then post a trouble-ticket with them specifying what make and what model computer you are running and what kind of graphics adapter you are trying to install drivers for on whatever version Ubuntu you are running. Be patient with them since they are all volunteers. They should be able to sort out any video driver problems you may be experiencing. Try to give them as much information upfront about your hardware specifications so they can quickly help you, and you can usually find them manually but doing a search for your make and model computer with an online search engine.

Here is how you can upload your hardware specifications to pastebin online for sharing with Ubuntu Forums support:

sudo apt-get install pastebinit
dmesg | pastebinit

Here is how you can find out your currently installed video adapter hardware specifications to copy and paste:

lspci -nnk | grep -iA3 vga
sudo dmidecode -s system-product-name

Copy the pastebinit link and video hardware specification output these commands provide you with to Ubuntu Forums requesting technical support with your hardware configuration.

Make sure to also provide them with your unity support test results from the first unity test above.

Be patient as wait time may be 24 to 48 hours for a forum reply.

If you use a Nvidia graphics adapter open your Terminal, copy and paste (this one works for me the best):

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:ubuntu-x-swat/x-updates
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

And then reboot your system.

Or you can try the latest unstable version. Open your Terminal, copy and paste (fyi- ppa purge doesn’t work when you try to uninstall it however):

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/nvidia
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

And then reboot your system.

If you have ATI video graphics here is how to install your ATI video driver.

If you use an ATI graphics adapter:

Alternative ATI Legacy Video Driver PPA installation for (for < 5000 series cards):

sudo apt-get remove --purge fglrx fglrx_* fglrx-amdcccle* fglrx-dev*
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:makson96/fglrx
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install linux-headers-generic fglrx-legacy
sudo aticonfig --initial

And then reboot.

If you have a pesky annoying AMD watermark in the lower right-hand corner after rebooting your system, you can try to remove it with this bash script file:

sudo cp fixwatermark-sh.doc
sudo chmod a+x
sudo ./

Or if that doesn’t fix it you can try to edit the ATI signature file:

sudo gedit /etc/ati/signature

and just replace the “UNSIGNED” line with the following code and save (and then reboot), and if it turns out that the file was already signed, then you will have to figure out something else entirely than this patch:


Disable any devices in BIOS you do not intend on ever using (recommended):

If you don’t have any plans on using your internal Wi-Fi now would also be a good time to disable it from within BIOS to keep anyone with a Wi-Fi sniffer from gaining access to your system. Depending on the BIOS capabilities of your system you may also be able to disable Bluetooth as well, if you know for a fact that you will not be needing it and preventing anyone with a Bluetooth sniffer from gaining access to your system. (These are only a personal recommendation if you want greater security…)

How-to access your BIOS settings:

Adding Medibuntu Package Repository (Discontinued) (Optional Alternative):

The only thing this does is provide you with DVD codecs to playback DVD movies. If you don’t have a DVD drive, or you don’t watch DVD movies on your computer you can ignore these packages.

To disable the Medibuntu repository and enable the libdvdcss one, use these commands:

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
curl | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb ./" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/libdvdcss.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2

sudo apt-get install samba smbfs system-config-samba

Here is a tutorial on how to set up Samba to share between Win7 and Ubuntu:

Terminator is a GPL terminal emulator. It is available on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and other Unix X11 systems.

Terminator will run on any modern POSIX system with Java 5 or later.

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install terminator

For how to use Terminator terminal utility check out:

MyUnity is tweak tool for Ubuntu Unity Environment, It is really well designed and fully featured. You can find all tools for your Unity Desktop to customize your Unity. (Recommended)

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:myunity/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install myunity

Unsettings is graphical configuration tool for Unity, Unsetting allows you to change the themes for GTK, window manger, icons, cursors, switch off the global menu and the overlay scrollbars used in Unity, another nice feature is that Unsetting lets you to save your settings into and load from a text file (JSON format) so you can easily backup you settings or copy them to a different account. (optional)

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:diesch/testing
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install unsettings

Screenshot from 2013-03-25 21:17:52Cairo-Dock is a pretty, fast and customizable desktop interface. You can think of it as a good alternative/addition to Unity, Gnome-Shell, Xfce-panel, KDE-panel, etc. You can use OpenGL if your video adapter supports it, or you can run it without OpenGL. You can logout after you have it installed and change your session to Cairo Gnome to run it.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:cairo-dock-team/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-dock-plug-ins

Uncomplicated Firewall (UFW & GUFW) (Highly Recommended) is a firewall that is designed to be easy to use. It uses a command line interface consisting of a small number of simple commands, and uses iptables. iptables is already a very powerful tool by itself, but it’s syntax can get awkward at times and hard to figure out, so Ubuntu developers decided to make ufw (“The reason ufw was developed is that we wanted to create a server-level firewall utility that was a little bit more for `human beings`.”), which was to be simpler. Now, on the graphical side of things, Firestarter already existed. But why not make an even easier to use GUI for desktop `human beings`, powered by ufw?

This is where GUFW comes in.

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install gufw

If you would like to simply use UFW from the command line, you can try any of these commands to make changes to your firewall.

To check your current settings:

sudo ufw status verbose

To add basic firewall rules:

sudo ufw deny 21/tcp
sudo ufw deny 22
sudo ufw deny 25/tcp 
sudo ufw deny 110
sudo ufw deny 135
sudo ufw deny 137
sudo ufw deny 138/udp
sudo ufw deny 139
sudo ufw deny 143 
sudo ufw deny 445/tcp
sudo ufw deny 2049
sudo ufw deny 5353/udp 
sudo ufw deny 5900/tcp

To block Outgoing Ports Except Those Needed (This configuration will allow the following outbound ports: 20-21, 53, 80, 123, 443 which is all that is required for many users):

sudo ufw deny out 1:19/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 1:19/udp
sudo ufw deny out 22:52/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 22:52/udp
sudo ufw deny out 54:79/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 54:79/udp
sudo ufw deny out 81:122/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 81:122/udp
sudo ufw deny out 124:442/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 124:442/udp
sudo ufw deny out 444:65535/tcp
sudo ufw deny out 444:65535/udp

Re-check your changes:

sudo ufw status verbose

Re-check enable (required):

sudo ufw enable

It will automatically load these settings from now on. If you need to access one of those ports temporarily, then you can open up sudo gufw and disable your firewall momentarily. Just don’t forget to re-enable it when you are done.

This is a reference list of Internet socket port numbers and their uses:

If you want to tighten-up your security even further please review:

Here is a configuration script if you are running a server:


# obtain server's IP address
SERVERIP=`hostname --all-ip-addresses | cut --fields 1 --delimiter " "`

# disable firewall
ufw disable

# reset all firewall rules
ufw reset

# set default rules: deny all incoming traffic, allow all outgoing traffic
ufw default deny incoming
ufw default allow outgoing

# open port for SSH
ufw allow OpenSSH

# open port for Webmin
ufw allow webmin

# open ports for Samba file sharing
ufw allow from to $SERVERIP app Samba
ufw allow to from $SERVERIP app Samba

# open ports for Transmission-Daemon
ufw allow 9091
ufw allow 20500:20599/tcp
ufw allow 20500:20599/udp

# open port for MySQL
ufw allow proto tcp from to any port 3306

# open ports for Lighttpd
ufw allow “Lighttpd Full”

# open port for network time protocol (ntpd)
ufw allow ntp

# enable firewall
ufw enable

# list all firewall rules
ufw status verbose

For more information:

How to periodically scan for rootkits. Both RKHunter and CHKRootkit basically do the same thing – check your system for rootkits. No harm in using both.

Open a Terminal and enter the following :

sudo apt-get install rkhunter chkrootkit

To run chkrootkit open a terminal window and enter :

sudo chkrootkit

To update and run RKHunter. Open a Terminal and enter the following :

sudo rkhunter --update
sudo rkhunter --propupd
sudo rkhunter --check

If you get a warning for unhide.rb rkhunter simply informs you the unhide.rb executable

located in /usr/bin/ is a ruby script. It is perfectly normal and you can whitelist it in rkhunter.conf{,.local}.

And if you are interested in further hardening your Ubuntu security (optional):

How to change your privacy settings on Ubuntu 12.04 (Recommended):

Open up the Software Center and install “Activity Log Manager” if your system doesn’t come installed by default with Privacy options. Or you can cut and paste this in Terminal:

sudo apt-get install activity-log-manager-common activity-log-manager activity-log-manager-control-center

If you are using Fallback DE, it is located in System Settings.

How to change your Startup Application Manager settings on Ubuntu 12.04 (recommended) :

Starting with Ubuntu 12.* the ‘Startup Applications’ manager now only displays a sub-set of applications to control at startup with the remaining applications being hidden. There are many applications running in the background by default in Ubuntu and it only makes sense to disable the ones you don’t really need to have running all the time. To make the hidden applications visible in the manager, follow these steps:

Copy and paste the following command into Terminal:

sudo sed -i 's/NoDisplay=true/NoDisplay=false/g' /etc/xdg/autostart/*.desktop

Do a search for Startup Applications to add or remove/disable features at startup. There are probably several apps that are running at startup that you can safely remove if you know what you are doing, and will save you time during bootup.

And you can remove the following applications that you probably will never use:

sudo apt-get purge oneconf popularity-contest python-ubuntuone-client python-ubuntuone-storageprotocol ubuntuone-installer gir1.2-ubuntuoneui-3.0 libsyncdaemon-1.0-1 libubuntuoneui-3.0-1 python-ubuntuone-control-panel rhythmbox-ubuntuone ubuntuone-client ubuntuone-client-gnome ubuntuone-control-panel ubuntuone-couch unity-scope-musicstores deja-dup libfreerdp1 remmina remmina-common vino remmina-plugin-rdp remmina-plugin-vnc activity-log-manager-common python-zeitgeist activity-log-manager-control-center rhythmbox-plugin-zeitgeist unity-lens-video unity-scope-video-remote zeitgeist  zeitgeist-core zeitgeist-datahub rsync

sudo apt-get autoremove
sudo add-apt-repository "deb $(lsb_release -sc) partner"
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-keys 3E5C1192
sudo apt-get update

How to get a missing PGP key after adding a new repository or if you need to find a missing PGP key during updates (optional):

sudo apt-get update 2> /tmp/keymissing; for key in $(grep "NO_PUBKEY" /tmp/keymissing |sed "s/.*NO_PUBKEY //"); do echo -e "nProcessing key: $key"; gpg --keyserver --recv $key && gpg --export --armor $key | sudo apt-key add -; done

How to setup and install your VPN connection:

  • VPN as a client here
  • Setting up an OpenVPN server here
  • VPN setup in Ubuntu – General introduction here
  • How to set up an SSH VPN. here
  • How to set up a VPN server on Ubuntu here


Windows equivalent : AVG AntiVirus, NAV, TrendMicro, F-Prot, Kaspersky, …

Ubuntu equivalent : ClamAV, BitDefender


Clam Anti-virus (ClamAV) is a free, cross-platform anti-virus software tool-kit able to detect many types of malicious software, including viruses. One of its main uses is on mail servers as a server-side email virus scanner. The application was developed for Unix and has third party versions available for AIX, BSD, HP-UX, Linux, Mac OS X, OpenVMS, OSF (Tru64) and Solaris. As of version 0.96 ClamAV builds and runs on Microsoft Windows. Both ClamAV and its updates are made available free of charge.

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install clamav clamtk

BitDefender is an anti-virus software suite developed by Romania-based software company Softwin. It was launched in November 2001, and is currently in its thirteenth version. The 2011 version was launched in August 2010, and it includes several protection and performance enhancements as Search Advisor and Performance Optimizer. The thing I love about BitDefender is that it will run in the taskbar after start-up and has a resident shield that is always monitoring your system for any potential threats, not that viruses normally target Linux operating systems however.

First you need to get a free scanner key here via email. It should be good for one year.

To install in Ubuntu, copy and paste in Terminal one line at a time:

sudo sh -c 'echo "deb bitdefender non-free" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/bitdefender.list'
sudo apt-key add bd.key.asc
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install bitdefender-scanner-gui

Once completely installed then you will need to reboot your system. And you will need to enter in the free scanner key you received via email by running Bitdefender.

Don’t forget to bookmark this page!

When you are ready to reboot just copy and paste:

sudo reboot

Before using the scanner it’s probably best to install the latest virus/malware signatures by clicking on the ‘Update’ button.

Special Note: Troubleshooting BitDefender Scanner Engine Crashing

Some users are reporting that BitDefender crashes right after the scanning engine is initialized. In order to fix this error you will need to copy and paste this into terminal:

sudo touch /opt/BitDefender-scanner/var/lib/scan/
sudo ln -fs /opt/BitDefender-scanner/var/lib/scan/ /opt/BitDefender-scanner/var/lib/scan/
sudo bdscan --update

To copy and paste your key that you received in your email, enter this terminal and then click save after you have changed your registration key:

sudo gedit /opt/Bitdefender-scanner/etc/bdscan.conf

As of December 2012 they still do not have this fixed in BitDefender for Linux yet. Hopefully someone will let them know by posting a message to their support forum? Thanks.

For further BitDefender support please visit:

Essential packages for running 32-bit applications in 64-bit Ubuntu OS

(Required if you are using 64-bit Ubuntu OS):

 sudo apt-get install ia32-libs

Special Note: If you are running 32-bit Ubuntu already then you won’t need ia32-libs.

Essential tools for compiling from sources.

There are times when you need to compile software from sources, maybe because you need to compile the package with some specific option that is not enabled in the default package, or maybe the software application you wish to install isn’t available in any of your repositories. When you begin the installation process you will come to a window that will require you to accept the EULA to install, and you will need to click on your <Tab> key to select <OK> and press enter. (Here is a guide on how to compile software from source) and here are the required packages you need in order to compile sources in Ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install build-essential checkinstall cdbs devscripts dh-make fakeroot libxml-parser-perl check avahi-daemon

Multimedia (Prerequisite and Required)

Windows equivalent : windows media player, real player, vlc, mplayer, media codecs

Ubuntu equivalent : vlc, mplayer, fluendo media codecs

Unfortunately, many audio and video formats won’t work “out of the box” with Ubuntu, or most Linux distros.

MPlayer is a movie player that plays most MPEG, VOB, AVI, OGG/OGM, VIVO, ASF/WMA/WMV, QT/MOV/MP4, FLI, RM, NuppelVideo, yuv4mpeg, FILM, RoQ, and PVA files. You can also use it to watch VCDs, SVCDs, DVDs, 3ivx, RealMedia, and DivX movies. It supports a wide range of output drivers including X11, XVideo, DGA, OpenGL, SVGAlib, fbdev, AAlib, DirectFB etc. There are also nice antialiased shaded subtitles and OSD.

VLC media player is a highly portable multimedia player and multimedia framework capable of reading most audio and video formats as well as DVDs, Audio CDs VCDs, and various streaming protocols. It can also be used as a media converter or a server to stream in uni-cast or multi-cast in IPv4 or IPv6 on networks.

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:videolan/stable-daily
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc mplayer

SMPlayer intends to be a complete front-end for MPlayer, from basic features like playing videos, DVDs, and VCDs to more advanced features like support for MPlayer filters and more. One of the most interesting features of SMPlayer: it remembers the settings of all files you play. So you start to watch a movie but you have to leave. Don’t worry, when you open that movie again it will resume at the same point you left it, and with the same settings: audio track, subtitles, and volume. This is really great for watching DVD movies.

sudo apt-get install smplayer

FFMpeg is a complete and free Internet live audio and video broadcasting solution for Linux/Unix. It also includes a digital VCR. It can encode in real time in many formats including MPEG1 audio and video, MPEG4, h263, ac3, asf, avi, real, mjpeg, and flash.

Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg hal totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert libmad0 libjpeg-progs flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-0.7.4-dev libquicktime2

Gstreammer 0.10

Open your Terminal, copy and paste (when you get to the EULA prompt press Tab key):

sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly totem-plugins-extra gstreamer-dbus-media-service gstreamer-tools ubuntu-restricted-extras ttf-mscorefonts-installer

Check and see if you can now view DVD movie discs on your computer. If not you may need to set the region key and you are usually allowed to do this only 5 times (only use if needed, and very optional):

sudo apt-get install regionset
sudo regionset

Or you can purchase the proprietary codecs from your Software Center:

VLC blu-ray libraries:

Internet Web Browsers:

Here are some highly recommended and thoroughly tested add-ons for Firefox:

Adblock Plus (plugin) (Highly Recommended)

Adblock Plus (ABP) is a content-filtering extension for Mozilla Firefox (including Firefox for mobile) and Google Chrome web browsers. ABP, a forked version of Adblock, allows users to prevent page elements, such as advertisements, from being downloaded and displayed. Very popular, and almost what I would consider to be a necessity, if you surf the Internet on a daily basis. Works great with sites like and other similar web sites that bombard you with constant commercials. It will also allow you to import preconfigured blocklists to stop tracker web sites from monitoring your browser presence.

Password Exporter (plugin)

This extension allows you to export your saved passwords and disabled login hosts using XML or CSV files that can be imported later. Very helpful when needing to re-install Linux Mint onto a new system or migrating your data and personal information. This works on any OS with Firefox browser and you can migrate passwords from other browsers with Firefox preferences.

NetVideoHunter (plugin)

NetVideoHunter is a Firefox add-on (extension), and you can easily download videos and audio from almost all audio and video streaming web pages with two clicks. Tested and considered to be probably the best plugin out of all the other similar plugins available for this kind of task.

HTTPS Everywhere (plugin) (Recommended)

HTTPS Everywhere is a Firefox and Chrome extension that encrypts your communications with many major websites, making your browsing more secure.

Tor Browser Bundle

The Tor software protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location, and it lets you access sites which are blocked. The simplified explanation is that you can think of Tor like using three VPNs in a row. The goal is to hide your IP address, giving you complete anonymity online. Tor routes Internet traffic through three relays: an entry node, a middle node, and an exit. Each relay has it’s own layer of encryption and the exit node is the one that contacts the web server, fetches the web page, and gives it back to you yet doesn’t know your actual IP address.

This page explains things pretty well:

Alternatively, you can use this PPA to install Tor Browser Bundle:

Remember Passwords (plugin)

Patches the original Login Manager to allow saving of passwords on forms which otherwise suppress it. A really nice time-saver.

NoScript (plugin) (Recommended, but can be very intrusive at times)

NoScript (plugin) is a free and open-source extension for Mozilla Firefox, SeaMonkey, and other Mozilla-based web browsers, created and actively maintained by Giorgio Maone, an Italian software developer and member of the Mozilla Security Group. NoScript allows executable web content such as JavaScript, Java, Flash, Silverlight, and other plugins only if the site hosting it is considered trusted by its user and has been previously added to a whitelist. NoScript also offers specific countermeasures against security exploits. There have been reports of Java viruses/malware infecting Mac systems (Unices-based systems), so NoScript will stop that kind of problem before it becomes a serious issue on your Linux Mint OS.

YesScript (plugin)

A very simple JavaScript blacklist. Lately, I’ve noticed scripts not responsing on certain web sites (like and others) when browsing on twitter. If you recieve an error that says a script isn’t responding (would you like to continue etc etc), causing your browser to hang/crash your browser -and- you don’t want to use the above NoScript plugin because it can be too intrusive most of the time, simply cut and paste the offending web site address into YesScript Firefox plug-in, and you can surf without further problems of this kind.

Dictionaries & Language Packs (plugin) (Required)

Spell-checking plugin for Mozilla Firefox browser.

Additional Miscellaneous Add-ons for Firefox

  • BCExplorer for Firefox – BrightCloud category and reputation info as you browse!
  • Beef Taco – Sets permanent opt-out cookies to stop behavioral advertising by 102 different advertising networks (recommended)
  • BetterPrivacy – BetterPrivacy is a safeguard which protects from usually not deletable LSO’s on Google, YouTube, Ebay… (recommended)
  • BitDefender TrafficLight for Firefox – Adds a strong and non-intrusive layer of security to your browsing experience
  • BrowserProtect – Protect your browser configuration against homepage and search hijacks
  • CipherFox – Displays the current SSL/TLS cipher and certificate chain in the status bar.
  • CS Lite – This extension will allow you to easily control cookie permissions.
  • Ghostery – Protect your privacy. See who’s tracking your web browsing and block them with Ghostery.
  • GoogleSharing – GoogleSharing ultimately aims to provide a level of anonymity that will prevent google from tracking your searches, movements, and what websites you visit.
  • HTTPS Finder – HTTPS Finder automatically detects and alerts when SSL is available on a web page. It also provides one-click rule creation for HTTPS Everywhere. Other features include an ignore-domain list, and “auto-forward” to HTTPS.
  • Keylogger Beater – Use it to keep your username or password from being stolen by a keylogger.
  • LinkExtend – Provides meta-site-ratings for computer safety, child safety, company ethics, and popularity.
  • Master Password+ – Various enhancements for “master password”
  • Netcraft Toolbar – Blocks phishing sites, helping to protect users from online fraud…
  • anonymoX – Firefox add-on to achieve anonymity in surfing, using web-based proxy
  • PrivacySuite – One place to protect your privacy when you go online.
  • RefControl – Control what gets sent as the HTTP Referer on a per-site basis.
  • RequestPolicy – Be in control of which cross-site requests are allowed.
  • ShowIP – Show the IP address(es) of the current page in the status bar. It also allows querying custom information services by IP (right click) and hostname (left click), like whois, netcraft, etc. Additionally you can copy the IP address to the clipboard.
  • Certificate Patrol – Verifies SSL certificates
  • TrackMeNot – Protects users against search data profiling…
  • Priv3 – Practical Third-Party Privacy for the Social Web
  • WOT – The WOT add-on is a safe surfing tool for your browser.
  • For Human Eyes Only – converts messages into images
  • User Agent Switcher – To switch the user agent of a browser and OS reporting
  • Change IP Address – How to quickly change your Internet IP address via new router MAC address (recommended)Screenshot from 2014-07-31 08:16:00Openjdk 7 Update and Sun Java 7 JDK option (recommended)
    The default version of openjdk with Ubuntu may need be updated.Here is the updated openjdk that should work for most users:

    sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk openjdk-7-jre icedtea-7-plugin

    And then run:

    sudo update-alternatives --config java

    And then select /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk from the selection list and press enter.

    Now if openjdk isn’t what you need and you know you need the proprietary Sun Java 7 JDK instead (optional):

    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer

    After the installation finishes, if you wish to see if it was successful, you can run the following command:

    java -version

    Test your browser to make sure your Java is installed and working properly here (recommended):

    If you are still having problems trying to install Java and getting Java to work correctly on your system, please visit the following web site for further support:

Archiver/ Packing software (Recommended)

Windows equivalent : winrar, zip, 7zip

Ubuntu equivalent : tar, unrar, p7zip, arj, unace

An archive format is the file format of an archive file. The archive format is determined by the file archiver. Some archive formats are well-defined by their authors and have become conventions supported by multiple vendors and/or open-source communities.

File Archiving:

sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar p7zip-rar p7zip zip unzip sharutils uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller

Alternative Graphical Web Browsers

Windows equivalent : Internet explorer, opera, google chrome

Ubuntu equivalent : Opera, Chromium, Google Chrome, Google Chrome Beta

Opera is a web browser and Internet suite developed by Opera Software. The browser handles common Internet-related tasks such as displaying web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts, chatting on IRC, downloading files via BitTorrent, and reading web feeds.

sudo sh -c 'echo "deb stable non-free" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/opera.list'
sudo sh -c 'wget -O - | apt-key add -'
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install opera

Google Chrome is a web browser developed by Google that uses the WebKit layout engine. It was first released as a beta version for Microsoft Windows on September 2, 2008, and the public stable release was on December 11, 2008. It uses its own flash plugin to play flash video/audio. The name is derived from the graphical user interface frame, or “chrome”, of web browsers. As of June 2011, Chrome was the third most widely used browser with 20.65% worldwide usage share of web browsers, according to StatCounter.

wget -q -O - | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list && chmod 644 /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list'
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install google-chrome-stable

or if you want the latest developmental version:

sudo apt-get install google-chrome-beta

Chrome Plugins:

Adblock Plus (plugin) (Recommended) Adblock Plus (ABP) is a content-filtering extension for Google Chrome web browsers. ABP, a forked version of Adblock, allows users to prevent page elements, such as advertisements, from being downloaded and displayed. Very popular, and almost what I would consider to be a necessity, if you surf the Internet on a daily basis. Works great with sites like and other similar web sites that bombard you with constant commercials. It will also allow you to import preconfigured blocklists to stop tracker web sites from monitoring your browser presence.

Remember Passwords (plugin)

Patches the original Login Manager to allow saving of passwords on forms which otherwise suppress it. A really nice time-saver.

Remote Desktop (plugin) Access other computers or allow another user to access your computer securely over the Internet.

HTTPS Everywhere (plugin) HTTPS Everywhere is a Firefox and Chrome extension that encrypts your communications with many major websites, making your browsing more secure.

Reditr is to Reddit what Tweetdeck is to Twitter. And now you can experience it under any GNU/Linux based system thanks to Google Chrome.

Additional Miscellaneous Add-ons for Chrome and Chromium:

  • A Little Privacy – Prevents passing referrer to third parties, removes redirect trackers, resolves short URLs, and more.
  • Abine TACO – Opt-out of advertising networks
  • Block Mixed Content – This extension blocks loading of insecure active content in secure (HTTPS) pages.
  • Chrome BCExplorer BETA – BrightCloud category and reputation info as you browse!
  • Chromeblock – Stop secret tracking of your web browsing
  • Disconnect – Stop major third parties and search engines from tracking the webpages you go to and searches you do.
  • Ghostery – Protect your privacy. See who’s tracking your web browsing with Ghostery.
  • KB SSL Enforcer – Automatic security, browse encrypted.
  • Keep My Opt-Outs – Permanently opts your browser out of online ad personalization via cookies.
  • NOREF – Suppress Referrer (referer) for Hyperlinks
  • NotScripts – A clever extension that provides a high degree of ‘NoScript’ like control of javascript, iframes, and plugins on Google Chrome.
  • SafeBrowser – Sends the url of the currently selected tab to Google Safe Browsing to retrieve some malware results of that domain
  • SaferChrome – SaferChrome makes browsing safer by identifying and preventing security and privacy breaches.
  • Signature Check – Allows users to check a certificate thumbprint against the thumbprint to detect man-in-the-middle attacks that use valid signing certificates.
  • SiteAdvisor for Chrome – SiteAdvisor will give safety ratings for websites, this extension will warn you before you open threat sites.
  • TrafficLight (BETA) – Adds a strong and non-intrusive layer of security to your browsing experience
  • Unencrypted Password Warning – Helps to prevent you from sending unencrypted passwords or credit card numbers.
  • Vanilla Cookie Manager – A Cookie Whitelist Manager that helps protect your privacy. Automatically removes unwanted cookies.
  • WOT – The WOT add-on is a safe surfing tool for your browser.
  • Hide My IP – Anonymous browsing

Google Talk is a browser plugin that lets you voice and video chat with friends and family from your browser. Install this plugin and logon to Gmail with your webcam and microphone attached to your computer, then initiate a chat with a friend or family member. It will try to connect to your webcam and enable video chat.

wget -q -O - | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list'
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install google-talkplugin

Compiz (optional) has been updated, introducing a handy plugin, Workspace Naming, that, as its name clearly suggests, allows users to name workspaces with desired names, names that feature a high usability potential and numerous usecases, like for instance, naming a workspace text-only if in that workspace the user deals only with text files, and/or coding-only specific to a coding-oriented “desktop”. Its usage is as simple as navigating to CompizConfig Settings Manager–>Window Management–>check Workspace Naming and tweaking the provided functionalities (names, Display Time, Font Size, etc).

Copy and paste the following command into Terminal:

sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-plugins

Download Manager

Windows equivalent : Free download manager

Ubuntu equivalent : Multiget

MultiGet is an easy-to-use and open source file download manager for Windows. It supports HTTP/FTP protocols which covers the requirements of most users. The download accelerator supports multi-task with multi-thread on multi-server. It supports resuming downloads if the Web server supports it, and if you like, you can reconfigure the thread number without stopping the current task. It’s also support SOCKS 4, 4a, 5 proxy, ftp proxy, http proxy. MultiGet also supports switching language dynamically; you can choose English, Chinese, and German. Plus this it will automatically choose a proper language for you.

sudo apt-get install multiget

Access it through Applications → Internet → MultiGet .

Graphical Email client


Windows: Outlook, Outlook Express

Despite perceptions to the contrary, the desktop-based e-mail client is not dead. Mozilla Thunderbird 3.0 is a serious reaction to the prevalence of Web mail, so whether you’re looking for a strong desktop client, an Outlook replacement, or a powerful tool for managing archives and Web mail offline, Thunderbird can scale to your needs.

Outlook users will notice the speed and responsiveness of the program, which loads quickly, even when weighed down by multiple folders and RSS feeds, and the basic feature set remains intact: good junk mail filters, HTML support, multiple identities, and robust Web mail, POP, IMAP, and Microsoft Exchange server support. Security features include S/MIME, digital signing, message encryption, and a built-in phishing detector. Add-ons, based on the same code as Firefox’s add-on network, can enhance your security even further. Thunderbird is now installed by default and replaces evolution as the default mail client in 12.04.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mozillateam/thunderbird-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install thunderbird xul-ext-calendar-timezones xul-ext-lightning

Access it through Applications → Internet → Mozilla Thunderbird Mail/News .

To import Outlook PST files in Thunderbird:

sudo apt-get install readpst
readpst -r nameofyourPSTfilehere

This changes the output format to Recursive. This will create folders as named in the PST file, and will put all emails in a file called “mbox” inside each folder. These files are then compatible with all mbox-compatible email clients. Then just import the mbox file into Thunderbird and you should be all good.

Instant Messanging protocal clients

Windows equivalent : MSN messenger, Trillian, Yahoo messenger, QQ, AIM, Gtalk, ICQ,IRC

Ubuntu equivalent : Empathy, Pidgin, Emesene

Empathy is an instant messaging client which supports text, voice, video, file transfers, and inter-application communication over various IM protocols. Empathy is installed by default on Ubuntu, however you may want to make sure you have the latest updated version.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:telepathy/ppa
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install empathy

Additional plugins for Empathy remote desktop (RDC) feature:

sudo apt-get install vino vinagre

Then install Empathy plugins in terminal:

sudo apt-get install empathy telepathy-mission-control-5 telepathy-gabble telepathy-haze telepathy-idle telepathy-salut telepathy-sofiasip msn-pecan

Access it through Applications → Internet → Empathy IM Client .


Pidgin is an easy to use and a free chat client used by millions. Connect to AIM, MSN, Yahoo, and more chat networks all at once. Supported chat networks: AIM, Bonjour, Gadu-Gadu, Google Talk, Groupwise, ICQ, IRC, MSN, MySpaceIM, QQ, SILC, SIMPLE, Sametime, XMPP, Yahoo!, Zephyr

Add the launchpad repository :

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pidgin-developers/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it :

sudo apt-get install pidgin pidgin-data pidgin-lastfm pidgin-guifications msn-pecan pidgin-musictracker pidgin-plugin-pack pidgin-themes

Access it through Applications → Internet → Pidgin Internet Messenger .

Gmail Notification


If you would like to get notified when you have a new mail in your google mail account, checkgmail is for you.

To install Checkgmail type the following command in the Terminal Window.

sudo apt-get install checkgmail

Now you can launch it from Application → Internet → CheckGmail


Windows equivalent : Skype

Ubuntu equivalent : Skype, Jitsi, Brosix

Skype is a software application that allows users to make voice and video calls and chats over the Internet. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free, while calls to both traditional landline telephones and mobile phones can be made for a fee using a debit-based user account system. Skype has also become popular for its additional features which include instant messaging, file transfer, and video conferencing.

And if you are running a 64-bit version of Ubuntu 12.10 you will this:

 sudo apt-get install ia32-libs

To install Skype, in terminal, copy and paste:

sudo apt-get install skype

Or if you want the very latest version use:

Hardware acceleration and WebGL also feature in this release but are not turned on by default. Head into opera:config to enable it.

Other new features include:

  • Webcam support
  • Support for the Do Not Track header
  • CSS3 Animations and Transitions
  • Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (Cors) Support
  • Improved language support

Some webcams work perfect with Cheese and other webcam applications, but in Skype you may have a green screen, no picture at all or the picture is upside down!

If you have webcam issues with skype, fix this by doing this:

echo -e '#!/bin/bash n LD_PRELOAD=/usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libv4l/ /usr/bin/skype' | sudo tee /usr/local/bin/skype
sudo chmod a+x /usr/local/bin/skype

If that doesn’t fix it trying downgrading your Ubuntu OS from 64-bit to 32-bit during the installation and then reinstall it. Yes, that means reinstalling your entire system from the beginning.

Skype Wrapper is a small third-party tool, Skype-wrapper brings a bunch of Ubuntu-specific features to Skype, including Messaging Menu integration and native notifications for message alerts, and Unity quicklists for quick access to call controls.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:skype-wrapper/ppa
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install skype-wrapper

Zoiper is a SIP and IAX multilingual cross-platform desktop softphone eases and enhances the calling experience of anybody taking advantage of VoIP at home or in the office. Novice and power users can make high-quality voice and video calls, send and receive faxes, chat and set online presence from their desktop softphone:

Jitsi (formerly SIP Communicator) is a VoIP, videoconferencing, and instant messaging application for Windows, Linux and Mac OS X. It supports several popular instant messaging and telephony protocols.

Download your Ubuntu debian (*.deb) installation packages at either: or

Brosix Enterprise Instant Messenger is a secured instant messenger that is designed to help business users find a secure way to connect to one another quickly. It uses encrypted communications in order to secure messages in a manner that is similar to secure email services. Video chat just like Skype, and even LogMeIn-like features.

To download and install, copy and paste in Terminal:

curl -o brosix_free.deb
sudo dpkg -i brosix_free.deb

For more information about Brosix and support:

ScrubIt Public DNS profiles several million websites and by default block out any pornographic, phishing, and many other potentially harmful sites. It is a free open DNS for content filtering, and highly recommended if you have kids using your home network. Free parental controls.You can add it to your Static DNS entries in your hardware WiFi router configuration (you can try calling the tech support company that made your router to help guide you through the process to update your router’s “LAN” DNS settings. Just tell them you want to add a public DNS and to be used by all the computers on your network) or if you aren’t using a router on your individual Ubuntu system, you can update your system local DNS like this:

sudo gedit /etc/resolv.conf

Write down your existing ISP nameserver IP addresses in case you want to change it back later on. And then modify those ISP nameserver entries as to the pubic DNS ScrubIt entries:


Click on Save, and reboot your system.

The best way to update your DNS nameserver is to change your wifi router configuration. Just call tech support for your make and model router (the manufacturers tech support phone number) and ask them to walk you through the process to update your DNS nameserver configuration for your router box. It should normally be free of charge to call support for your make and model router box. Make sure you put a good password on your router box when you are done. And never let your kids have administrative accounts on Ubuntu. Always create new users without superuser rights too. Only you, the superuser should be able to change any of the system network settings from within Ubuntu OS.

Here is an alternative to set up the same kind of parental blocking service but with OpenDNS instead:


Essentially is it like notepad in MS Windows but with many many more features.

sudo apt-get install gedit gedit-plugins gedit-developer-plugins

Geany is a lightweight cross-platform GTK+ text editor based on Scintilla and including basic Integrated Development Environment (IDE) features. Among the supported programming languages are C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, PHP, HTML, LaTeX, CSS, Python, Perl, Ruby, Pascal, Haskell, Erlang, Vala and many others.

It was developed to provide a small and fast IDE, which has only a few dependencies from other packages. It supports many filetypes and has some nice features.

sudo apt-get install geany geany-plugins

Screenshot from 2013-03-29 20:29:13Komodo Edit is a free text editor for dynamic programming languages. It was introduced in January 2007 to complement Active State’s commercial Komodo IDE product. With the release of version 4.3, Komodo Edit is built on top of the Open Komodo project. Many of Komodo’s features are derived from an embedded Python interpreter. Open Komodo uses the Mozilla code base, along with Scintilla, and the two products share many features and support the same languages (including Python, Perl, PHP, Ruby, Tcl, SQL, Smarty, CSS, HTML and XML) and computer platforms (Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows). The editor component is implemented using the NPAPI, with the Scintilla view embedded in the XUL interface in the same manner as a web browser plugin. Both Komodo Edit and Komodo IDE support user customization through plugins and macros. Komodo plug-ins are based on Mozilla Add-ons and extensions can be searched for, downloaded, configured, installed and updated from within the application. Available extensions include a functions list, pipe features, additional language support and user interface enhancements.

Windows: Notepad++

In 32-bit Ubuntu:

tar xzvf Komodo-Edit-8.5.0-13638-linux-x86.tar.gz
cd Komodo-Edit-8.5.0-13638-linux-x86/
sudo ./

in 64-bit Ubuntu:

tar xzvf Komodo-Edit-8.5.0-13638-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
cd Komodo-Edit-8.5.0-13638-linux-x86_64/
sudo ./

When prompted to specify the directory or folder to install into, type this command:


After installing, run this command in your terminal to complete the process.

export PATH="/opt/Komodo-Edit-8/bin:$PATH"

LibreOffice (Recommended)

Windows equivalent : Microsoft Office Suite

Ubuntu equivalent : LibreOffice Suite

LibreOffice is a free software office suite developed by The Document Foundation as a fork of It is compatible with other major office suites, including Microsoft Office, and available on a variety of platforms. Its developers’ goal is to produce a vendor-independent office suite with ODF support and without any copyright assignment requirements. The name is a hybrid word with the first part Libre, which means free (as in freedom) in French and Spanish, and the English word Office.

LibreOffice comes preinstalled by default in Ubuntu usually, but you still want to double-check at this point that you have everything else installed that you probably will need, and that you have the latest updated version from the developers.

To install LibreOffice PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:libreoffice/libreoffice-4-3 
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y dist-upgrade
sudo apt-get install libreoffice libreoffice-math libreoffice-gnome

How to install Grammar checking Plug-in for LibreOffice Writer:

To enable PDF import capability:

sudo apt-get install libreoffice-pdfimport

To enable Mozilla Office plugin:

sudo apt-get install mozilla-libreoffice

Special Note: If you would like the MS Windows OS or Apple Mac OS version of LibreOffice Suite for another computer you have at work or school – here is where you can find the link. And I definitely recommend using the torrent because the direct link doesn’t usually completely download for some unknown reason. or you can download LibreOffice for Windows via Torrent here:

GWoffice (Google Web Office) is an application that lets you access Google Drive and its content directly from your desktop in Ubuntu. It supports HUD, drop and drag to upload documents, and offline synchronization. GWoffice comes with a clean and nice GTK theme that integrates well with Ubuntu. Although it only works with office documents, spreadsheets, and presentation files, it’s nice to have if you want to sync your Google documents in Ubuntu.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tombeckmann/ppa
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install gwoffice

Scribus is an desktop open source page layout program with the aim of producing commercial grade output in PDF and Postscript, primarily, though not exclusively for Linux.

While the goals of the program are for ease of use and simple easy to understand tools, Scribus offers support for professional publishing features, such as CMYK color, easy PDF creation, Encapsulated Postscript import/export and creation of color separations.

sudo apt-get install scribus

AbiWord is a free and open source software word processor. It was originally started by SourceGear Corporation as the first part of a proposed AbiSuite. Development stopped when SourceGear changed their focus to Internet appliances. AbiWord was adopted by some open source developers and AbiWord continued to be developed. AbiWord supports both basic word processing features such as lists, indents and character formats, and more sophisticated features including tables, styles, page headers and footers, footnotes, templates, multiple views, page columns, spell checking, and grammar checking. Starting with version 2.8.0, AbiWord includes a collaboration plugin that allows integration with, a Web-based service that permits multiple users to work on the same document in real time, in full synchronization.

sudo apt-get install abiword

Graphical FTP clients

Windows equivalent : CuteFTP, SmartFTP, CoreFTP

Ubuntu equivalent : FileZilla

FileZilla is free, open source, cross-platform FTP/SFTP software, consisting of FileZilla Client and FileZilla Server. Binaries are available for Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X. It supports FTP, SFTP, and FTPS (FTP over SSL/TLS). As of 18 April 2011, FileZilla Client was the 7th most popular download of all time from

This is great FTP client, very complete, in my opinion, and the best one around.

To install FileZilla in terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:n-muench/programs-ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install filezilla filezilla-common

Access it through Applications → Internet → FileZilla FTP Client.

Development IDE

Windows equivalent : Dreamweaver

Ubuntu equivalent : Kompozer, Netbeans

KompoZer is an open source WYSIWYG HTML editor based on a rewritten version of the now-discontinued Nvu editor. KompoZer is maintained as a community-driven fork and is a project on Sourceforge.

KompoZer’s WYSIWYG editing capabilities are one of the main attractions of the software. In addition, KompoZer allows direct code editing as well as a split code-graphic view:

sudo apt-get install kompozer

Access it through Applications → Internet → Kompozer


The NetBeans platform allows applications to be developed from a set of modular software components called modules. Applications based on the NetBeans platform (including the NetBeans IDE) can be extended by third party developers.

sudo apt-get install netbeans

Image Editors

Windows equivalent : Adobe Photoshop

Ubuntu equivalent : GIMP

Basic GIMP

GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free software raster graphics editor. It is primarily employed as an image retouching and editing tool and is freely available in versions tailored for most popular operating systems including Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS X, and GNU/Linux. It has layering abilities like Photoshop.

In addition to detailed image retouching and free-form drawing, GIMP can accomplish essential image editing tasks such as resizing, editing, and cropping photos, photomontages combining multiple images, and converting between different image formats. GIMP can also be used to create basic animated images in the GIF format.

New additions in Gimp 2.8 are single window mode, on-canvas text editing, layers group, and to apply all changes to a layer grouping. You will need to install the PPA to upgrade to Gimp 2.8 below.

GIMP’s product vision is that GIMP is, or will become, a free software high-end graphics application for the editing and creation of original images, icons, graphical elements of web pages and art for user interface elements.

sudo apt-get --purge remove gimp*
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data gimp-data-extras

Access it through Applications → Graphics → GIMP Image Editor.

Download additional Script-Fu filters and tweaks:

Instructions on how to install Scripts that work in Gimp 2.8:

GIMP Paint Studio

GIMP Paint Studio (GPS) is a package with a collection of brushes and accompanying tool presets for GIMP aimed at improving the capabilities in drawing and painting using GIMP. GPS provides a wide range of tools for graphic designers and digital artists: different shadowing pencil brushes (graphite, 2B, 6B, etc), pen brushes (BIC pen, sketching pen), oil brushes and other presets for airbrushing, using the ink tool, smudging, etc.

To add the PPA and install GIMP Paint Studio in Ubuntu (install GIMP first), use the following commands on the terminal (this PPA might not be available yet in 12.04):

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:shnatsel/gimp-paint-studio
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gimp-paint-studio

Gimp Painter adds some color blending and line smoothing features:

It is not a separate package, but a whole patched GIMP.

To install Gimp Painter from terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mizuno-as/gimp-painter
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

To install additional helpful plugins for Gimp try:

Screenshot from 2013-10-07 22:32:05

G’MIC is an open and full-featured framework for image processing, providing several different user interfaces to convert/manipulate/filter/visualize generic image datasets, from 1d scalar signals to 3d+t sequences of multi-spectral volumetric images.

G’MIC provides a serious tool for image processing along with flexibility for creative applications. It has a very lightweight core that is mature code and comes with a complete set of manipulation and filter commands which operate on a stack of images.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gmic gimp-gmic

Vector Graphics Editor

Windows equivalent : Adobe Illustrator

Ubuntu equivalent : Inkscape

Inkscape is a free software vector graphics editor, licensed under the GNU General Public License. Its goal is to implement full support for the Scalable Vector Graphics 1.1 standard. An Open Source vector graphics editor, with capabilities similar to Illustrator, CorelDraw, or Xara X, using the W3C standard Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) file format.

Inkscape is an open source drawing tool that uses the World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) scalable vector graphics format (SVG). Some supported SVG features include basic shapes, paths, text, markers, clones, alpha blending, transforms, gradients, and grouping. In addition, Inkscape supports Creative Commons’ metadata, node-editing, layers, complex path operations, text-on-path, text-in-shape, and SVG XML editing. It also imports several formats like EPS, PostScript, JPEG, PNG, BMP, and TIFF and exports PNG as well as multiple vector-based formats.

sudo apt-get install inkscape

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Inkscape Vector Graphics Editor.

Photo Management

Windows equivalent: Aftershot Pro, Lightroom, Bridge, Photoshop Organizer

RAW file viewers/editors/plugins for SLR Digital Photography

Not the most intuitive program to use at first, Raw Therapee is a fairly feature rich and comprehensive RAW editor that’s compatible with Linux. At the time of writing, the team are working on a stable release of version 3.0, which is a major release for the project. Unidentified Flying RAW (or UFRaw for short) is a dedicated RAW image editor based on GTK+. It can be used as an application on its own or as a plugin for GIMP (simply open a RAW image in GIMP to be presented with the UFRaw editor window).

sudo apt-get install libraw-bin ufraw ufraw-batch and gimp-ufraw rawtherapee

For more raw file utilities visit:

Darktable is an open source photography workflow application and RAW developer. A virtual lighttable and darkroom for photographers. It manages your digital negatives in a database, lets you view them through a zoomable lighttable and enables you to develop raw images and enhance them. It focuses on the workflow to make it easier for the photographer to quickly handle the thousands of images a day of shooting can produce. It’s also one of the very few FOSS projects able to do tethered shooting.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pmjdebruijn/darktable-release-plus
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install darktable

Shotwell can import photos and videos from a digital camera directly. Shotwell automatically groups photos and videos by date, and supports tagging. Its image editing features allow users to rotate, crop, eliminate red eye, and adjust levels and color balance. It also features an auto “enhance” option that will attempt to guess appropriate levels for the image. Shotwell allows users to publish their images and videos to Facebook, Flickr, Picasa Web Albums, Piwigo, and YouTube.

sudo apt-get install shotwell

PhotoFilmStrip-in-Ubuntu-11.10PhotoFilmStrip creates movies out of your pictures in just 3 steps. Great if you need to create video presentations. First select your photos, customize the motion path and render the video. There are several output possibilities for VCD, SVCD, DVD up to FULL-HD. Creates animated slideshows. You can add audio with Avidemux when you are done creating your slideshow with PhotoFilmStrip.

sudo apt-get install photofilmstrip

3D Graphics Application

Windows equivalent : 3D Studio MAX, Google Sketch

Ubuntu equivalent : Blender


Blender’s features include 3D modeling, UV unwrapping, texturing, rigging, water and smoke simulations, skinning, animating, rendering, particle and other simulations, video editing software, compositing, and the ability to create interactive 3D applications, video games, animated film, or visual effects.

Screenshot from 2013-03-27 12:24:46More advanced tools include rigid, realistic body, fluid, cloth and softbody dynamics simulation, modifier-based modeling, character animation, a node-based material and compositing system, and embedded scripting in Python.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:irie/blender
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install blender

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Blender (windowed).

Microsoft Visio

Windows equivalent : Microsoft Visio

Ubuntu equivalent : Dia


Dia can be used to draw many different kinds of diagrams and flowcharts. It has special objects to help draw entity-relationship models (tedia2sql can be used to create the SQL DDL), Unified Modeling Language (UML) diagrams, flowcharts, network diagrams, and simple electrical circuits. It is also possible to add support for new shapes by writing simple XML files, using a subset of Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) to draw the shape.

sudo apt-get install dia

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Dia Diagram Editor

Google Picasa is an image organizer and image viewer for organizing and editing digital photos, plus an integrated photo-sharing website, originally created by a company named Lifescape (which at that time may have resided at Idealab) in 2002 and owned by Google since 2004. “Picasa” is a blend of the name of Spanish painter Pablo Picasso, the phrase mi casa for “my house”, and “pic” for pictures (personalized art). For Linux, Google has bundled Wine with the Windows version to create an installation package rather than write a native Linux version, but this version is severely out of date (the latest Windows version, however, can be run with Wine; see the Linux section).

You will need to either select the 32-bit or 64-bit version according to the version of Ubuntu you have installed on your computer.

Screenlets is the name of both a set of independently-developed widget applications and the widget engine which runs them. The engine runs primarily on X11-based compositing window managers, most notably with Compiz on Linux. Like Google Gadgets for windows.

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:screenlets/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install screenlets

P2P Clients & Servers, File Sharing

Windows equivalent : Limewire, utorrent, Azureus, Emule, PeerGuardian

Ubuntu equivalent : Frostwire, Deluge, Azureus, Amule, Moblock/Mobloquer

BitTorrent is a peer-to-peer file sharing protocol used for distributing large amounts of data over the Internet. BitTorrent is one of the most common protocols for transferring large files, and it has been estimated that it accounted for roughly 43% to 70% of all Internet traffic (depending on geographical location) as of February 2009.


Windows equivalent: Limewire

FrostWire is a free, open source BitTorrent client, first released in September, 2004, as a fork of LimeWire. It was initially very similar to LimeWire in appearance and functionality, but developers added more features, such as BitTorrent support. In version Five, Gnutella support was dropped entirely, and now FrostWire only uses the BitTorrent network. Development of the program has been active since the program was first released in September 2004.

Install Frostwire:

Bittorrent Add-ons for Ubuntu:

Windows Equivalent: PeerGuardian (highly recommended for Bittorent users)

Ubuntu equivalent : PGL and PGLGUI

PeerGuardian Linux (pgl) is a privacy oriented firewall application. It blocks connections to and from hosts specified in huge blocklists (thousands or millions of IP ranges). Its origins lie in targeting aggressive IPs while you use P2P.

While you are installing PGL just accept the default settings for now. You can change them with PGLGUI after you are done installing everything.

To install PGL and PGLGUI in terminal (select the default settings by using the TAB key and pressing enter – there will be several prompts – just accept default settings and afterwards you can configure the blocklists):

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jre-phoenix/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install pgld pglcmd pglgui

Make sure to enable your blocklists you want and update PGLGUI after you get it completely installed:

The first thing most users will notice after installing PGL and have it running is that their Pidgin/Empathy/IMclientOfChoice/WebBrowser stops working. PGLGUI log will list the IP’s and info about the IP’s, so just whitelist them if need be with one mouse click.

It is really a very strong utility and will block pretty much everything until you tell it to do otherwise. But you only need to run this when you are seeding or downloading torrent files.

Deluge Client is a full-featured BitTorrent client for Linux, OS X, Unix and Windows. It uses libtorrent in it’s backend and features multiple user-interfaces including: GTK+, web and console. It has been designed using the client server model with a daemon process that handles all the bittorrent activity.

The Deluge daemon is able to run on headless machines with the user-interfaces being able to connect remotely from any platform.

sudo apt-get install deluge-torrent

Access it through Applications → Internet → Deluge Torrent.

Azureus Client: Uses Java to run, very complete but a bit heavy. And has a wide variety of add-ons to choose from too.

Vuze (formerly Azureus) is a P2P file sharing client using the bittorrent protocol. Search and download torrent files. Play, convert and transcode videos and music for playing on many devices such as PSP, TiVo, XBox, PS3, iTunes (iPhone, iPod, Apple TV).

sudo apt-get install azureus

Access it through Applications → Internet → Azureus.

µTorrent Server is a very tiny BitTorrent server, super fast and ultra light. µTorrent’s built for speed. That means ultra-efficient downloads of mega-sized files.

Go to µTorrent official site and download the Ubuntu installation package and use the following instructions to install µTorrent at:


aMule is an eMule-like client for the eD2k and Kademlia networks, supporting multiple platforms.

Add the launchpad repository :

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:happyaron/amule-dlp && sudo apt-get update

Then install it with the following command :

sudo apt-get install amule-dlp amule-dlp-gnome-support amule-dlp-utils-gui amule-dlp-daemon

Access it through Applications → Internet → aMule.

Music / MP3 / OGG Players

Windows equivalent : iTunes, Winamp

Ubuntu equivalent : Amarok, Nuvola Player, Spotify

Amarok 2.5 “Earth Moving” was released on December 2011.

New features:

  • podcast synchronization.
  • Re-written USB Mass Storage support.
  • The Windows version of Amarok is now officially declared stable.
  • Many bugfixes to the iPod plugin, thanks to Matěj Laitl.
  • An integrated Amazon MP3 store. This major feature is the work of our web-entrepreneurs Sven and Justus.
sudo apt-get install amarok

Nuvola Player is an application that integrates cloud music services like Google Music, Grooveshark, Hype Machine, 8tracks, Pandora, Rdio and Amazon Cloud Player with your desktop. Using it, you’ll get desktop notifications, multimedia keys support, Mpris v2 (integration with Ubuntu Sound Menu or GNOME Shell Media Player extension) integration, Unity quicklists and more.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nuvola-player-builders/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nuvolaplayer


Great Little Radio Player is a robust internet radio station streamer for various Linux distributions. It connects to web sites offering radio streaming and lets you play radio stations directly from that locations. With Great Little Radio Player, you will have collection of more then 500 radio stations worldwide. Best part, it’s free of charge.

You can download it here:

Spotify is a Swedish-founded, UK-headquartered DRM-based music streaming service offering streaming of selected music from a range of major and independent record labels, including Sony, EMI, Warner Music Group, and Universal.

Launched in October 2008 by Swedish startup Spotify AB, the service had approximately ten million users as of 15 September 2010; about 2.5 million of whom were paying members.The service is, as of November 2011, available in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-keys 94558F59


sudo sh -c 'echo "deb stable non-free" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/spotify.list'


sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install spotify-client-qt

Audacity is a cross-platform multitrack audio editor. It allows you to record sounds directly or to import files in various formats and convert audio files into many different audio file formats too. It features a few simple effects, all of the editing features you should need, and unlimited undo. This is the first and last GUI audio editor you will ever need on Ubuntu.

The GUI was built with wxWidgets and the audio I/O supports PulseAudio, OSS and ALSA under Linux.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:audacity-team/daily
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install audacity lame libmp3lame0

Jack Audio Connection Kit (Recommended if you do audio editting)

For more specific information:

sudo apt-get install jack jackd jackeq

Mixxx is a DJ tool that allows for the playback and mixing of digital music (MP3, Ogg Vorbis, FLAC and Wave). Mixxx will run on the Linux, Mac OS X and Windows operating systems.

Mixxx has the ability to provide comprehensive support for any MIDI controller due to its scripting engine, and it ships with mappings for a number of popular controllers, a complete list of which can be found on the Hardware Compatibility page.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mixxx/mixxx
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mixxx libportaudio2

Airtime an award-winning open source radio management software, has reached version 2.1, getting real-time show editing and live stream rebroadcasting.

Airtime 2.1 allows connecting remotely via tools such as Mixxx or Virtual DJ and the application will rebroadcast the stream either at a time you set or in the middle of the broadcast, using a nice transition.

Download Airtime (officially supports Ubuntu and Debian, but works on other Linux distributions too)

Ardour is a hard disk recorder and digital audio workstation application. It runs on Linux, Mac OS X and FreeBSD. Its primary author is Paul Davis, who is also responsible for the JACK Audio Connection Kit. Ardour’s intention is to provide digital audio workstation software suitable for professional use.

sudo apt-get install ardour

Traverso DAW (digital audio workstation) is an easy to use, open source multitrack audio recording and editing suite with a great user interface. You’ll find yourself doing more work in half the time thanks to the unique interface geared toward both the home user and profession musician; instead of endless menus and submenus, Traverso uses both the mouse and the keyboard together for precision and speed.

sudo apt-get install traverso

Linux Multimedia Studio (LMMS) is a free DAW (digital audio workstation) created for Linux & Windows. Although it has a rather steep learning curve, there are many tutorials and it includes several sample songs that you can learn from. Users learn the functions pretty quickly once they go through a few of the examples. LMMS come equipped with four different synthesizers. There is one that allows manipulation of samples by adding filters and a BitInvader plugin that is a wavetable synthesizer, allowing you to create a waveform for your sound. There is a guitar synthesizer and one with three oscillators.

sudo apt-get install lmms

Jokosher is a multi-track music editor. The interface uses familiar concepts to musicians rather than relying on their knowledge of multi-track recorders. Guitarists and other players who don’t want to spend the funds or the time to learn the ins and outs of multi-tracking will appreciate this software. The idea of Jokosher is to be able to ignore the software and be able to concentrate on your music.

sudo apt-get install jokosher

bristol is a vintage synthesiser software emulator suite. The application consists of an engine itself called bristol and a graphical user interface called brighton. The graphical interface is a bitmap manipulation library to present the diverse synth devices such as potentiometers, buttons, sliders, patch cables and which generates the messages to configure the synth emulator.

The engine is an infrastructure that hosts the emulator code that couples together the different audio operators required to generate the audio. The engine and GUI are started together with the start Bristol script which sets up the required environment for the two to connect together. It is not generally envisaged that bristol and brighton be started outside of the script however there are options to the script to only start one or the other. Bristol also has a command line interface that can be used rather than the GUI. Audio drivers are PCM/PCM plug or Jack. Midi drivers are either OSS/ALSA rawmidi interface, or ALSA SEQ. Multple GUIs can connect to the single audio engine, which then operates multitimbrally.

Currently the following synthesizers are emulated:

In Terminal copy and paste to install the GUI:

sudo apt-get install bristol monobristol

Special Note: You may need to type monobristol in terminal to start the GUI or you may need to create a launcher for it manually. Sometimes it is better to run it entirely from the command line too.


Amarok’s tagline is “Rediscover Your Music”, and its development is based around this ideology. Amarok’s core features such as the unique “context browser”, integrated Wikipedia lookup and lyrics download help users to find new music, and to learn more about the music they have.

Windows equivalent : iTunes

Amarok also features integration with, giving users suggestions about what to listen to next and which artists may fit their mood, as well as with Magnatune integration, allowing no-cost full listening of all the music in their catalog, and DRM-free purchasing.

sudo apt-get install amarok amarok-common

Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Amarok.


gtkpod is a graphical user interface for the Apple iPod for Unix-like systems, written using the GTK+ toolkit.

Windows equivalent : iTunes

This application allow you to connect to your ipod, shuffle, idohickeythingamabob so you can access your music, mp4s, and tranfer them, copy them, rename them, with Ubuntu or Debian systems. It’s all kinds of good stuff for apple media users.

sudo apt-get install gtkpod

Programs for CD/DVD burning with GUI

Windows equivalent : Nero, Roxio Easy CD Creator

Ubuntu equivalent : K3b, Brasero

K3b (from KDE Burn Baby Burn) is a CD and DVD authoring application for the KDE desktop environment for Unix-like computer operating systems. It provides a graphical user interface to perform most CD/DVD burning tasks like creating an Audio CD from a set of audio files or copying a CD/DVD, as well as more advanced tasks such as burning eMoviX CD/DVDs. It can also perform direct disc-to-disc copies.

sudo apt-get install k3b k3b-data libk3b6

Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → K3B.

Brasero is a application to burn CD/DVD for the Gnome Desktop. It is designed to be as simple as possible and has some unique features to enable users to create their discs easily and quickly.

sudo apt-get install brasero

Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Brasero Disc Burning .

Gnac is an easy-to-use audio conversion program for the GNOME desktop. It is designed to be powerful but simple. It provides easy audio file conversion between all GStreamer supported audio formats. This and WinFF I have found to be very handy.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnac-team/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gnac

Kdenlive, Kino, Openshot, Pitivi Video Editors

Kdenlive, Kino, Openshot, Avidemux, and Pitivi are intuitive and powerful multi-track video editors, including some of the most recent video technologies. Winff is a video/audio converter. With WinFF you can convert a video from youtube into an MP3 audio file, for example. Avidemux is good general purpose video editor as well.

sudo apt-get install kdenlive kino pitivi
sudo apt-get install avidemux avidemux-common avidemux-plugins-common avidemux-plugins-gtk

WinFF is a GUI for the FFmpeg command line video converter. It will convert any video file that is supported by FFmpeg. WinFF processes multiple files in multiple formats at once. You can, for example, convert mpeg, flv, and mov files into avi videos, all at once. To install the most recent updated version:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:paul-climbing/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install winff libavcodec-extra-53

OpenShot Video Editor is a free, open-source video editor for Linux licensed under the GPL version 3.0.OpenShot can take your videos, photos, and music files and help you create the film you have always dreamed of. Easily add sub-titles, transitions, and effects, and then export your film to DVD, YouTube, Vimeo, Xbox 360, and many other common formats.

OpenShot provides extensive editing and compositing features, and has been designed as a practical tool for working with high-definition video including HDV and AVCHD.

Copy and paste in Terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openshot.developers/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install openshot frei0r-plugins
sudo apt-get install ffmpeg x264 libx264-dev libavcodec-extra-53 libavformat-extra-53 libavutil-extra-51

Flowblade is a multitrack non-linear video editor for Linux designed to “provide a fast, precise and as-simple-as-possible editing experience”. The application can be used to join or cut videos, create movies from video clips, audio clips and images, add filters and more.

Download Flowblade (.deb and source files available)

HandBrake is an open-source program designed to convert MPEG video (including DVD-Video) into an MPEG-4 video file in MPEG-4 Part 14 (.mp4) or Matroska (.mkv) containers.

The program is used to convert DVDs into other forms so they can be viewed on iPods, iPhones and with the Apple QuickTime Player and most media players.

Originally developed for BeOS, HandBrake is now available for Linux, Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stebbins/handbrake-snapshots
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install handbrake-gtk handbrake-cli

Kazam is a simple screen recording program that will capture the content of your screen and record a video file that can be played by any video player that supports VP8/WebM video format. You are able to have a mic enabled and background soundtrack too.

Optionally you can record sound from any sound input device that is supported and visible by PulseAudio.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kazam-team/stable-series
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install kazam

Screenshot from 2014-01-22 18:53:56recordMyDesktop is a free and open source desktop screencasting software application written for GNU/Linux. The program is separated into two parts; a command line tool that performs the tasks of capturing and encoding, and an interface that exposes the program functionality graphically. There are two front-ends written in python with pyGtk (gtk-recordMyDesktop) and pyQt4 (qt-recordMyDesktop). RecordMyDesktop also offers the ability to record audio through ALSA, OSS or the JACK audio server. RecordMyDesktop only outputs to Ogg using Theora for video and Vorbis for audio. It has plenty of options when it comes to video quality, brightness, and gamma correction.

sudo apt-get install gtk-recordmydesktop

Screenshot from 2014-01-22 18:53:56recordMyDesktop is a free and open source desktop screencasting software application written for GNU/Linux. The program is separated into two parts; a command line tool that performs the tasks of capturing and encoding, and an interface that exposes the program functionality graphically. There are two front-ends written in python with pyGtk (gtk-recordMyDesktop) and pyQt4 (qt-recordMyDesktop). RecordMyDesktop also offers the ability to record audio through ALSA, OSS or the JACK audio server. RecordMyDesktop only outputs to Ogg using Theora for video and Vorbis for audio. It has plenty of options when it comes to video quallity, brightness, and gamma correction.

sudo apt-get install gtk-recordmydesktop

VideoLAN Movie Creator (VLMC) is a cross-platform, non-linear, video editing software application based on the VLC Media Player.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/vlmc
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlmc frei0r-plugins

AcidRip is an automated front end for MPlayer/Mencoder (ripping and encoding DVD tool using mplayer and mencoder) written in Perl, using Gtk2::Perl for a graphical interface. Makes encoding a DVD just one button click!

You can install it as follows under Debian / Ubuntu Linux:

sudo apt-get install acidrip

dvd::rip is a full featured DVD copy program written in Perl i.e. fron end for transcode and ffmpeg. It provides an easy to use but feature-rich Gtk+ GUI to control almost all aspects of the ripping and transcoding process.

It uses the widely known video processing swissknife transcode and many other Open Source tools. dvd::rip itself is licensed under GPL / Perl Artistic License. You can install dvd::rip as follows under Debian / Ubuntu Linux:

sudo apt-get install dvdrip

K9copy is a KDE DVD Backup tool. It allows the copy of a DVD9 to a DVD5. It is also known as a Linux DVD shrink. It supports the following features: The video stream is compressed to make the video fiton a 4.7GB recordable DVD. DVD Burning. Creation of ISO images. Choosing which audio and subtitle tracks are copied. Title preview (video only). The ability to preserve the original menus.

sudo apt-get install k9copy

TV-MAXE is an application which provides the ability to watch TV stations and listen radio via different streams, such is SopCast. Currently it has a large number of channels, both romanian and international. I tested this in 12.04 and it is working very good.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:venerix/blug
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install tv-maxe

FreetuxTV is a Web TV player for Linux that lets you watch and record free Web TV Channels and listen to Radio. Unlike Sopcast this works with direct asf/wmv connections/downloads for streaming media. And the programming lists appear to not be quite as updated as Sopcast at the moment. The application that runs on VLC as backend comes with several pre-added channels for many languages. You will need to open up the required ports on your firewall if it is enabled.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:freetuxtv/freetuxtv
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install freetuxtv

For support contact:

XBMC is an award-winning free and open source (GPL) software media player and entertainment hub for digital media. XBMC is available for Linux, OSX, and Windows. Created in 2003 by a group of like minded programmers, XBMC is a non-profit project run and developed by volunteers located around the world. More than 50 software developers have contributed to XBMC, and 100-plus translators have worked to expand its reach, making it available in more than 30 languages. While XBMC functions very well as a standard media player application for your computer, it has been designed to be the perfect companion for your HTPC. Supporting an almost endless range of remote controls, and combined with its beautiful interface and powerful skinning engine, XBMC feels very natural to use from the couch and is the ideal solution for your home theater.

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:nathan-renniewaldock/xbmc-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xbmc

Infra-red remote control support “lirc” can be reconfigured with this command:

sudo dpkg-recondigure lirc

For more information:

Calibre is a free and open source e-book computer software that organizes, saves and manages e-books, supporting a variety of formats. It also supports e-book syncing with a variety of popular e-book readers. calibre is cross-platform (programmed in Python and C) and is intended for the three main operating systems, Linux, Mac OS X and Windows.

Windows: “Kindle for PC” software

Calibre was originally called libprs500, but was renamed calibre (lower case ‘C’) in mid-2008. calibre is primarily an e-book cataloging program. It is designed around the concept of the logical book, where a single database entry corresponds with the same book in a variety of formats. calibre supports the following formats for cataloging: AZW, AZW1, CBR, CBZ, CHM, EPUB, FB2, HTML, IMP, LIT, LRF, LRX, MOBI, ODT, OEBZIP, OPF, PDB, PDF, PML, PMLZ, PRC, RAR, RB, RTF, SNB, TPZ, TXT and ZIP.

sudo apt-get install calibre

Also make sure to install better smaller fonts:

Google Earth allows you to travel the world through a virtual globe and view satellite imagery, maps, terrain, 3D buildings, and much more. With Google Earth’s rich, geographical content, you are able to experience a more realistic view of the world.

For 32-bit Ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install lsb-core
wget -c
sudo dpkg -i google-earth-stable_current_i386.deb
sudo apt-get -f install

For 64-bit Ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install ia32-libs
sudo apt-get install lsb-core
wget -c
sudo dpkg -i google-earth-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo apt-get -f install

Screenshot from 2013-03-28 11:43:37

VMware Player is a freeware virtualization software package from VMware, Inc. (a company which was formerly a division of and whose majority shareholder remains EMC Corporation). VMware Player can run existing virtual appliances and create its own virtual machines (which require a operating system to be installed to be functional). It uses the same virtualization core as VMware Workstation, a similar program with more features, and not free of charge. VMware Player is available for personal non-commercial use, or for distribution or other use by written agreement. No support is provided by VMWare, but there is an active community website for discussing and resolving issues.

How to install VMware Player:

Oracle VM VirtualBox (formerly Sun VirtualBox, Sun xVM VirtualBox and innotek VirtualBox) is an x86 virtualization software package, created by software company Innotek GmbH, purchased in 2008 by Sun Microsystems, and now developed by Oracle Corporation as part of its family of virtualization products. Oracle VM VirtualBox is installed on Ubuntu as an application; this host application allows additional guest operating systems, each known as a Guest OS, to be loaded and run, each with its own virtual environment. For example, here we have installed Andriod 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich OS virtually inside of Virtualbox for App development purposes.

To install Oracle VM VirtualBox copy and paste into Terminal:

sudo echo "deb $(lsb_release -sc) contrib" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list
wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.2

* Android 4 “Ice Cream Sandwich” OS installation *.ISO as shown in above Virtualbox.

Special Note: And if you are wondering if I could get Netflix app to actually install in the virtual andriod OS the answer is no. The DRM included with the android Netflix app will not work on android OS unless it is installed with matching hardware specifications (or?) installed physically on a real android device. Maybe you can figure out how to emulate those hardware specifications in virtualbox configuration settings? I don’t know, but that is a hint if you are bored with nothing better to do and want to figure that out for yourselves.

ea9a33e8ca28fe062ca2d1e3337ccdeb_mediumRemoteBox is a graphical tool which lets you administer guests or virtual machines running under VirtualBox on a remote server or even your local machine if desired. VirtualBox, it’s virtualization software primarily intended for desktop machines, similar to VMWare Workstation, Parallels or Virtual PC. You may, for example, have a root server on the Internet, a server at home, or a server at work running VirtualBox but want to have the convenience of managing the guests easily from your local machine. The virtual machines run in headless mode, which means you don’t need an active graphical display on the server but you can still connect and view the displays of the guests. The goal of RemoteBox is to provide a GUI that should be familiar to VirtualBox users while allowing them to administer a remote installation of VirtualBox. It does this via the VirtualBox API and SOAP interface, which are exposed when running the VirtualBox Web service. You can also use RemoteBox simply as an alternative interface for managing VirtualBox on your local machine. You can also interact with the displays of the guests. This allows you to treat VirtualBox much more like an installation of Xen, KVM or VMware ESX.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/virtual
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install remotebox

Citrix Systems Receiver ICAClient (w/Firefox Plug-in):

Citrix Receiver is a lightweight software client that allows access to virtual desktops and apps including Windows, Web or SaaS apps on any PC, Mac, netbook, tablet or smartphone. Works for both 32-bit and 64-bit version of Ubuntu. You need to download two deb packages to have it working correctly. You need the installation package for either 32-bit or 64-bit, and the supporting usb deb package, and then you will need to also install the USB support deb package as well, and everything you need is here. Make sure you select DEB packages to install and not RPM packages. RPM is Fedora, and DEB is Ubuntu.

And then copy the certificates to the proper directory:

sudo cp /usr/share/ca-certificates/mozilla/* /opt/Citrix/ICAClient/keystore/cacerts

TeamViewer is a free for non-commercial use, software application for remote control, desktop sharing, and file transfer between computers, great for meetings, presentations, tech support and more. It runs on Windows, Mac OSX, Linux (even though it comes in a .deb or .rpm, it uses Wine which comes bundled with it) as well as Android or iPhone.

Windows: LogMeIn, GoToMeeting, MS RDC


Windows: AutoCAD

Free CAD software* available for Windows®, Mac® and Linux®. A new CAD product that provides professional CAD users, students and educators with a better way to create, edit and view DWG files.

Prerequisite installation packages:

sudo apt-get install libxcb-render-util0
sudo apt-get install libdirectfb-extra

(Download Draftsight)

If you need to install this on a 64-bit Ubuntu system here are instructions:

Create your own custom distribution based on your installed Ubuntu OS

Windows Equivalent: Norton Ghost (well kind-of)

Ubuntu Equivalent: Remastersys, Clonezilla

Ubuntu Builder is a simple tool to build your own distribution. I just tested it today, and it works great. It allows to download, extract, customize in many ways and rebuild your ubuntu images. You can customize i386 and amd64 images.

So far it supports Ubuntu 12.10, 12.04, 11.10, and 10.04.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:f-muriana/ubuntu-builder
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-builder

For other releases, download and install the .deb package from this page.

Screenshot from 2013-03-05 11:49:02Redo Backup and Recovery is so simple that anyone can use it. It is the easiest, most complete disaster recovery solution available. It allows bare-metal restore. Bare metal restore is not only the best solution for hardware failure, it is also the ultimate antivirus: Even if your hard drive melts or gets completely erased by a virus, you can have a completely-functional system back up and running in as little as 10 minutes.

Clonezilla is a free disaster recovery, disk cloning, disk imaging and deployment solution. Clonezilla is designed by Steven Shiau and developed by the NCHC Free Software Labs in Taiwan. Clonezilla SE provides multicast support similar to Norton Ghost Corporate Edition.

Hard Disk Partitions ManagerWindows equivalent : Norton Partition Magic

Ubuntu equivalent : GParted

GParted is a GTK+ front-end to GNU Parted and the official GNOME Partition Editor application.

It is used for creating, deleting, resizing, moving, checking and copying partitions, and the file systems on them. This is useful for creating space for new operating systems (works with Vista / Windows 7 System & Data partitions), reorganizing disk usage, copying data residing on hard disks and mirroring one partition with another (disk imaging). It is useful for tasks such as: creating space for new operating systems, restructuring disk space to separate user and operating system data, and copying partitions to enable upgrading to a larger hard disk drive. Your hard disk drive or USB flash drive can be subdivided into one or more partitions. GParted enables you to reorganize your disk partitions while preserving the contents of these partitions.

sudo apt-get install gparted

steam-linux-inlineSteam is a digital distribution, digital rights management, multiplayer and communications platform developed by Valve Corporation. It is used to distribute games and related media online, from small independent developers to larger software houses; in October 2012, Valve expanded the service to include non-gaming software. Steam provides the user with installation and automatic management of software across multiple computers, community features such as friends lists and groups, cloud saving, and in-game voice and chat functionality. The software provides a freely available application programming interface, Steamworks, that developers can take advantage of to integrate many of Steam’s functions within their software products, including copy protection, networking and matchmaking, in-game achievements and micro-transactions, and support for user-created content through Steam Workshop. Though initially developed for use on Microsoft Windows, the client has expanded to include a Mac OS X version and a pending port to Linux, and clients with limited functionality on the PlayStation 3 console and for both iOS and Android mobile devices.

You can then click on the download tab and use Software Center to automatically install the *.deb package or you can use Gdebi to install it from your download folder.

wget -c
sudo dpkg -i steam_latest.deb
sudo apt-get -f install

Screenshot from 2013-09-19 17:17:43

Screenshot from 2013-09-19 17:26:59MultiSystem is for creating a multiboot live USB flash drives or thumb-drives. Instead of carrying around a bunch of different flash drives for all of your different live operating systems, and restoration images, now can move them all onto one large USB flash drive. Simply drag and drop your .iso files. It is very similar to Xboot in WinOS.

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb all main'
wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install multisystem

BleachBit quickly frees disk space and tirelessly guards your privacy. Free cache, delete cookies, clear Internet history, shred temporary files, delete logs, and discard junk you didn’t know was there. Designed for Linux and Windows systems, it wipes clean 90 applications including Firefox, Internet Explorer, Adobe Flash, Google Chrome, Opera, Safari, and more. I highly recommend installing this on your system at some point, and making sure to have it automatically run at system login as a reminder.Windows equivalent : CCleaner

Beyond simply deleting files, BleachBit includes advanced features such as shredding files to prevent recovery, wiping free disk space to hide traces of files deleted by other applications, and vacuuming Firefox to make it faster. Better than free, BleachBit is open source. If you have a system that seems to be running slower than normal, it’s always a good idea to try running Bleachbit to see if it may resolve your performance issues that you may be experiencing. I personally recommend that heavy internet users run this at least once or twice a month.

sudo apt-get install bleachbit
sudo bleachbit

Bleachbit Tutorial:

This is the end of the tutorial and now it is time to tidy up, and the first command here makes sure we have everything we want. Second, we get rid of any old dependencies, then remove all the packages we’ve downloaded and installed, as we likely won’t use those again.

echo "Cleaning Up" &&
sudo apt-get -f install &&
sudo apt-get autoremove &&
sudo apt-get -y autoclean &&
sudo apt-get -y clean
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